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ch6&7 Human Services

ch 6&7 Human Services

Boundaries Barriers that mediate information flow into and out of a system.
Behavioral Family Therapy An approach to family counseling that is based on learning and cognition.
Developmental Crisis A predictable lifespan problem with which the family must deal.
Developmental Cycles Minuchin’s family systems theory term for the process of a family experiencing predictable struggles as it ages and progresses through the life stages.
Counseling Group Similar to a therapy group, but with less self-disclosure and personality reconstruction expected; a meeting of individuals whose purpose is to affect behavior change and increase self-awareness.
Encounter Group A group in which expressions of feelings are encouraged, which leads to new self-awareness.
Minuchin, Salvadore Developed the structural approach to family counseling and highlighted the importance of understanding situational crises and developmental milestones when working with families.
Rules— In the systems theory, how the system defines itself as a result of boundaries, information flow and homeostasis.
Homeostasis— The tendency for a system to maintain equilibrium.
Overt Rules— Clearly defined rules made by families that affect how members in the family relate.
Scapegoat— An individual in a system who is unconsciously given the blame for problems in the system.
Situational Crisis— An unexpected problem, with which the family must deal, that is condition-specific.
Unfinished Business— Unresolved problems and experiences brought from a previous life-stage that affect interpersonal relationships.
Co-cultures Groups of peoples whose behaviors and values may differ from the larger culture, yet a part of the larger culture.
Cultural Mosaic A society that has many diverse values and cultures.
Culture The common values, norms of behaviors, language, symbols, and life patterns that people may share.
Discrimination An active behavior that negatively affects individuals of ethnic, cultural and racial groups.
Ethnicity Long term patterns of behavior that have some historical significance and may include similar religious, ancestral, language or cultural characteristics.
Ethnocentric Worldview The potentially harmful assumption one’s clients’ view of the world is the same as his or hers.
nstitutional Racism When an agency or organization purposefully, or out of ignorance, supports policies and behaviors that are racist.
Minority Any group of people that are being singled out because of their cultural or physically characteristics and who are being systematically oppressed by those individuals who are in a position of power or influence.
Power Differentials The control, power, authority or influence over others.
Race Traditionally a division of people who share genetic and biological characteristics.
Prejudice As pertains to stereotyping and racism, negative attitudes and opinions held about members of ethnic or cultural groups.
Racism The irrational dislike or hatred held about or directed at people of a particular race.
RESPECTFUL Model An acronym that speaks to the ingredients that are needed by the culturally competent mental health or human service professional.
Sexual Prejudice Negative attitudes targeted toward homosexual, bisexual or heterosexual individuals.
Social Class The grouping of people according to such things as wealth, ancestry, rank and status.
Stereotypes Rigidly held beliefs about a culture or group of people that falsely assumes that most or all members of the group have certain behaviors or beliefs that tend to be unique to that group.
Subcultures Groups of peoples whose behaviors and values may differ from the larger culture.
Attitudes and Beliefs of culturally skilled HS Professionals: awareness of one’s own cultural backgrounds, biases, stereotypes, and values, and respectful of differences
Knowledge of culturally skilled HS Professionals: Knowledge of sociopolitical issues, barriers that hinder clients from using social service agencies, and clients' cultural or ethnic groups
Skills of culturally skilled HS Professionals: Basic skills & ability to apply specialized interventions per client’s culture
HS professional should understand a person from the prospective of their 1) individual uniqueness; 2) cultural specificity; and their 3) shared universal experiences.
culturally diverse HS professions ... Have the right attitudes and beliefs, gain knowledge, and learn skills.
Healthy Families Develop a. Semipermeable boundaries b. Evaluate information & make changes as needed c. Parents/Guardians who are the main rule makers d. Have a clear sense of hierarchy
Dysfunctional Families a. Boundaries are too loose or too rigid b. Poor communication patterns c. Unclear hierarchy d. Individuals are the “scapegoat” e. Individuals are the “identified patients”
All Groups Have Rules Regarding a. Membership behavior b. Leadership style c. Technical Issues d. Ground Rules
Stages of Group Development a. Pre-group Stage—identifying expectations b. Initial Stage—developing issues of trust c. Transitional Stage—members uncomfortable followed by acceptance
Healthy HS Agencies a. Boundaries b. Overt and Covert Rules c. Hierarchies: Who is in Charge? d. Information Flow Clear
Developmentally Mature HS Professional a. Uses a systems approach in understanding the complexity or interrelationships b. Does not view clients in isolation
Stages of Group Development 2 d. Work Stage—setting goals and working on behavioral changes e. Closure Stage—summarizing and follow-up
Developmentally Mature HS Professional 2 c. Understands the complexity of the interactions in the client’s world d. Understands that families, groups, and social systems have a large impact on clients
Group Systems Communication Pattern, Power Dynamics, Hierarchies, Homeostasis
Created by: annieluv