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Health Nutrition Tes

TermDefinition
Eating Disorder Condition in which there is a compelling need to starve (anorexia nervosa) to binge (binge eating disorder) or to binge and purge (bulimia).
Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorder in which a person starves himself or herself, weighs 15% or more below desirable weight, and may exercise to extremes.
Bulimia Eating disorder in which a person eats large amounts of food over a short time (binges) and then rids the body of foods that were eaten (purges).
Insulin Hormone that regulates the blood sugar level
Malnutrition Condition in which a person lacks needed nutrients
Food Allergy Abnormal response to food, triggered by the immune system, that can result in severe illness or death and most commonly is caused by shellfish, peanuts, fish, and eggs.
protein A nutrient that is needed for growth, And to build and repair body tissues. It is also needed to regulate body processes and to supply energy. They form part of every cell in your body.
Complete Protein A protein that contains all of the essential amino acids.
Amino Acids The building blocks that make up proteins
Essential Amino Acids The nine amino acids the body can't produce. These nine amino acids must come from the foods you eat.
Examples of complete proteins meat, fish, poultry, milk, yogurt and eggs
Incomplete proteins A protein from plant sources that does not contain all of the essential amino acids.
Examples of incomplete proteins grains (whole grains, pastas, corn), legumes (dried beans, peas and lentils), and nuts and seeds.
What are the 6 nutrients Water, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, and Minerals.
Carbohydrates A nutrient that is the main source of energy for the body
Simple Carbohydrates Sugars that enter the bloodstream rapidly and provide quick energy
Complex Carbohydrates Starches and fibers
Fat A nutrient that provides energy and helps the body store and use vitamins
Saturated Fat A type of fat found in dairy products, solid vegetable fat, and meat and poultry
Unsaturated Fat A type of fat obtained from plant products and fish
Vitamin A nutrient that helps the body use carbohydrates, proteins and fats
Fat-Soluble Vitamins A vitamin that dissolves in fat and can be stored in the body
Water-Soluble Vitamins A vitamin that dissolves in water and cannot be stored by the body in significant amounts
Mineral A nutrient that regulates many chemical reactions in the body
Macro Minerals Minerals that are required in amounts greater than 100 mg. Calcium, sodlum, Magnesium, Potassium are examples.
Trace Minerals Minerals that are needed in very small amounts. Examples are iron and zinc.
Dehydration A condition in which the water content of the body has fallen to an extremely low level.
Food Additives Substances intentionally added to food. Food labels must list these.
Water A nutrient that is involved with all body processesIt makes up the basic part of the blood, helps with waste removal, regulates body temperature, and cushions the spinal cord and joints.It makes up more that 60% of body mass & carries nutrients to cells
Megadosing Taking vitamins in excessive amounts. To date, there is no evidence that this will improve your performance in sports. Taking specific vitamins in excess can be harmful to your health.
Food Intolerance An abnormal response to food that is not caused by the immune system. It merely means food is not tolerated well.
Adipose Tissue Fat that accumulates around internal organs, within muscle, and under your skin. If you have a high % of this your risk of developing cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and arthritis increases.
Weight Management Plan A diet and exercise plan to maintain a desirable weight and body composition.
Created by: angelataylor