Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

PDX

QuestionAnswer
What is the function of CN I? Olfaction
What is the function of CN II? Vision
What type of pulse would be expected with left ventricular failure? Pulsus Alternans
Normal pulse pressure is _____. 30-40 mmHg
Causes of Small/Weak Pulse include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. decreased stroke volume (heart failure) <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. hypovolemia <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. aortic stenosis <P><P ALIGN=Left>4. Increased peripheral resistance (caused by cold exposure/congestive heart failure)
Causes of Large/Bounding Pulse include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. increased stoke volume <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. decreased peripheral resistance (caused by fever/anemia/hyperthyroidism) <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. decreased compliance (caused by aging/atherosclerosis)
Causes of Bisferiens Pulse include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. regurgitation <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. aortic stenosis <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Causes of Pulsus Aleternans include _____. left ventricular heart failure
Causes of Paradoxical/Paradoxic Pulse include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. pericardial tamponade <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. constricive pericarditis <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. obstructive lung disease
A Bisferiens Pulse can only be detected where? Carotid Artery
A patient with decreased stroke volume would be expected to have what type of pulse? Small/Weak Pulse
A patient with hypovolemia would be expected to have what type of pulse? Small/Weak Pulse
A patient with aortic stenosis would be expected to have what type of pulse? Small/Weak Pulse or Bisferiens Pulse
A patient with increased peripheral resistance would be expected to have what type of pulse? Small/Weak Pulse
A patient with increased stroke volume would be expected to have what type of pulse? Large/Bounding Pulse
A patient with decreased peripheral resistance would be expected to have what type of pulse? Large/Bounding Pulse
A patient with decreased compliance would be expected to have what type of pulse? Large/Bounding Pulse
A patient with aortic regurgitation would be expected to have what type of pulse? Bisferiens Pulse
A patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy would be expected to have what type of pulse? Bisferiens Pulse
A patient with pericardial tamponade would be expected to have what type of pulse? Paradoxical/Paradoxic Pulse
A patient with constrictive pericarditis would be expected to have what type of pulse? Paradoxical/Paradoxic Pulse
A patient with obstructive lung disease would be expected to have what type of pulse? Paradoxical/Paradoxic Pulse
Normal respiration rate is _____. 12-20 rpm
Normal respiration rate for infants is up to _____. 44 rpm
Rapid & shallow respiration is know as _____. Tachypnea
Slowed repiration rate is known as _____. Bradypnea
Rapid and deep respiration is known as _____. Hyperpnea
Normal systolic and diastolic pressures are _____. <120 mmHg <P><80 mmHg
Prehypertension is a systolic pressure of _____ & a diastolic pressure of _____. 120 - 139 mmHg <P>80-89 mmHg
Hypertension is a systolic pressure of _____ & diastolic pressure of _____. >140 mmHg <P>>90 mmHg
In order to diagnose a patient as hypertensive or prehypertensive _____ readings must be obtained. three
Causes of tachypnea (rapid/shallow breathing) include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. Anxiety <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. restrictive lung disease <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. pleuritic chest pain <P><P ALIGN=Left>4. elevated diaphragm
Causes of hyperpnea (rapid/deep breathing) include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. exercise <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. anxiety <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. metabolic acidosis (Kussmaul breathing)
Causes of hyperpnea (rapid/deep breathing) in a comatose patient include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. infarction <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. hypoxia <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. hypoglycemia
Causes of bradypnea (slow breathing) include _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. diabetic coma <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. drug-induced respiratory depression <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. increased intracranial pressure
_____ is respiration characterized by periods of deep breathing alternating w/ periods of apnea. Gradual increase in depth & sometimes rate may occur following a period of no breathing. Cheyne-Stokes Respiration
_____ is respiration characterized by unpredictable irregularity. Breaths can be shallow or deep & apnea may occur for short periods. Ataxic/Biot's Respiration
_____ is characterized by breathing punctuated by frequent sighs. Sighing Respiration
_____ is characterized by prolonged expiration. Obstructive Respiration
Transverse depressions on the fingernails are known as _____. Beau's Lines
Beau's Lines are indicative of _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. Severe febrile disease <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. Malnutrition <P><P ALIGN=Left>3.Trauma <P><P ALIGN=Left>4.Myocardial infarction
Horizontal white band on the nails are known as _____. Mee's Lines
Mee's Lines are indicative of _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. acute or severe illness <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. Chronic arsenic poisoning
Division of the nail by a transverse line with the proximal nail being dull white and the distal nail pink or brown is known as _____. Oncholysis or Half & Half Nails
Oncholysis is indicative of _____. Renal failure
A white, ground glass-like opacity of the nail with a normal pink zone at the very distal end is known as _____. Terry's Nails
Terry's nails are indicative of _____. <P ALIGN=Left>1. hypoalbuminemia <P><P ALIGN=Left>2. heart disease <P><P ALIGN=Left>3. renal failure <P><P ALIGN=Left>4. liver disease
Nails with a concave surface are known as _____. Koilonychia
Koilonychia is indicative of _____. 1. iron deficiency 2. softening by contact with oils
When nails are abnormally curved and shiny it is called _____ Clubbing
Clubbin or the nails is indicative of _____. cardiopulmonary disease
Pitting of the nails is seen in _____. psoriasis
A flat lesion of a color differing from surrounding skin is known as a _____. Macule
A solid, elevated but superficial mass is known as a _____. Papule
A wart or a raised mole are examples of a _____. Papule
A freckle is also known as a _____. Macule
A transitory lesion resulting from an allergy response is known as a _____. Wheal or Hive
A solid mass that extends deeper is known as a _____. Nodule
A large nodule is termed a _____. Tumor
_____ are filled with fluid or mucoid material and may be of any size or hardness. Cyst
A tiny blister filled with clear fluid is known as a _____. Vesicle
A large blister is known as a _____. Bulla
An elevated skin area containing pus is known as a _____. Pustule
Later chicken pox or acne are examples of a _____. Pustule
A _____ is most often seen as the result of a burn. Bulla
Early chicken pox are an example of a _____. Vesicle
A LARGE area of skin discoloration caused by deposits of blood or blood pigments is known as _____. Ecchymosis
A SMALL area of skin discoloration caused by deposits of blood or blood pigments is known as _____. Petechia
Sharp breaks in the skin are known as _____. Fissures
Destruction of one or more skin layers exposing underlying tissue is known as _____. Ulcers
_____ are the result of newly formed connective tissue. Scars
Hypertrophied scars are known as _____. Keloids
A thickened scaly area of skin where normal creases and lines are exaggerated is known as _____. Lichenification
Small blisters on covered areas of the skin caused by plugged sweat glands usually due to hot, humid weather are known as _____. Miliaria
Which cranial nerves serve the eye? II, III, IV, V, VI, VII
A constricted pupil is known as _____. miosis
Tired eyes are known as _____. Asthenopia
Nearsightedness is also known as _____. Myopia
Farsightedness is also called _____. Hyperopia
Variations of corneal curvature cause _____. Astigmatism
Age related farsightedness due to decreased elasticity of the lens is known as _____. Presbyopia
A partial loss of vision that may appear as a field cut or island of loss that may go unnoticed is a _____. Scotoma
Created by: cailintimm