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Health&Well Ch3-4

TermDefinition
Stress hardiness Challenge: don’t feel overwhelmed by stressful situations. Control: feel that they have control over situations. Commitment: committed to something outside themselves.
Sympathetic nervous system revs up the systems and organs of the body, preparing them to respond to the challenges of stressors.
Parasympathetic nervous system comes into play after the stress response has passed and helps “cool down” the body and bring back to normal function.
autonomic nervous system Controls basic functions such as breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, and digestion
Two major body systems are affected by stress: Nervous system Endocrine system
(GAS) General Response Syndrome Alarm- Fight or flight Resistance- Physiological changes in the body Exhaustion- Gradual exhaustion
Stress the physical and emotional states that we experience as a result of changes and challenges in our lives.
Three major categories of stressors: Personal- Relationships (illness, family, adjustment to surroundings, school)-Financial problems Interpersonal- Loneliness /isolation (disconnected) Environmental/Societal (PTSD)- Overcrowded spaces - Violence
Mentally healthy person can solve most of the problems of everyday life.
Emotionally healthy person are in touch with their entire range of feelings. They can express those feelings appropriately even when they are upset.
Identity all the characteristics that make up who you are as an individual.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1 Physiological Needs- need 4 food, shelter, water, sleep, oxygen 2 Safety- Avoiding harm& physical safety 3 Love &Belonging- affection, companionship 4 Esteem& Recognition- respect others,prestige 5 Self Actualization- fulfillment of unique potential
Neuron specialized body cell that is the basic unit of nerve tissue.
Receptors nerve endings that receive stimuli, as from the sense organs.
Neurotransmitters chemical substances that enable transmission of information among neurons
Anxiety Disorders Most common mental health problems. Problem when the feelings are not associated w/ specific stressful events or when the feelings are so intense that they interfere w/ daily activities.
Signs of Depression withdrawal from family/friends, normal activities violent behavior hopelessness drug/alcohol use boredom difficulty concentrating decline in school/professional work complaints of physical symptoms loss of interest inability to accept praise
Suicide Factors Mental Disorders/Substance Abuse Situational Stressors Access to Lethal Methods Previous Suicide Attempts Exposure to Suicide of others
Warning Signs of Suicide Talking about suicide trouble eating/sleeping w/drawing from friends/becoming unusually social preoccupied w/ death/dying loss of interest in activities/hobbies giving away cherished possessions depression rejection, loss, humiliation Hopelessness
Inpatient treatment given to a patient that is admitted at a heath care facility.
Outpatient treatment given to a patient during periodic visits to a health care facility or physician's office.
Causes of mental health Heredity Physical health problems Injury Environmental conditions Stress Drugs
Resiliency ability to bounce back
Asylums in 1700's Mental illness was caused by devil worship/ immoral practices. They were designed to separate and not to cure the mentally ill.
Cortisol hormone produced by the adrenal glands and involved in a number of body functions such as regulation of sugar metabolism and blood sugar.
autonomic nervous system controls basics functions such as breathing, heartbeat, blood pressure, and digestion,
distress negative form of stress that occurs in reaction to something we perceive as bad
eustress positive form of stress that occurs in reaction to something we perceive as good but exciting
fight-or-flight response response of the nervous and endocrine systems to supply that body with energy to fight back or escape from a stressor.
Defense Mechanisms Denial Acting out Projection Rationalization Repression Displacement
Ways to Decrease Stress Level Physical activity deep breathing time management enjoy life meditation humor/laughter relax sleep
Characteristics of Mentally and Emotionally Healthy Person Realistic Accepting Autonomous Authentic Capable of intimacy Creative Good self esteem Value and purpose for living Optimistic Comfortable being alone
Created by: packgirl