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ABA

341 chapter 1

TermDefinition
applied behavior analysis scientific approach for discovering environmental variables that influence socially significant behavior
behaviourism philosophy of science of behavior
determinism lawful and orderly place in which all phenomena occur as he result of other events
empiricism objective observation of the phenomena of interest. open to anyones observation
experiment comparison, measure of phenomenon under two or more different conditions, only one factor at a time differ from one condition to another
experimental analysis of behavior (EAB) natural science approach to behaviour basic research basuc researcg diomain, discovering and clarifing principles of behavior in lab sestinas with humans and animals
explanatory fiction hypothetical variable takes form of another name of the observed behavior that contributes nothing to an understanding of variables responsible for developing or maintaining the behavior
funcional relation specific change in dependant variable can be produced by specific manipulations of another event (independent variable) and the change in dependant variable was unlikely result of other extraneous factors (confounding variables)
hypothetical construct presumed but unobserved processes or entities
mentalism study of behavior assumes mental or "inner" dimensions exists that differs from behavioural dimensions
methodological behaviorism philosophical position views behavioural events that can't be observed as outside realm of science
parsimony all simple, logical explanations for phenomenon under investigations be ruled out experimentally or conceptually before more complex abstract explanations considered
philosophic doubt willing to continually question truthfulness what is regarded as fact
radical behaviorism attempts to understand all human behavior including thoughts and feelings in terms of controlling variables in history of person and species
replication repeating of experiments to make sure functional relation
science systematic approach for seeking and organizing knowledge about world
description collection of facts about observed events can be quantified, classified and examined for relations with other known facts
correlation systematic covariation between two events is found
prediction repeated observations reveal that two events consistently covary
control functional relations can be derived
science through understanding of the phenomenon under study
S-R-S three term contingency
B.F. Skinner founder of experimental analysis of behavior, worked mostly with animals
mentalism mental or "inner" dimension exists hat differs from a behavioral dimension
analytic functional relation between occurrence/non occurrence of manipulated events and target behavior
applied investigating socially significant behaviours importance to participants potentially result in improvements (day to day)
Technological procedures applied identified and described with sufficient detail replicate application with same results
conceptually procedures for changing beadier and why and how effective, described in terms of relevant principles form which derived
effective improve target behavior to a degree that is socially significant results in noticeable change in ppl lives
Generality behavior change lasts over time, appears in new environments other than one learned, spreads to other behaviours not directly treated
behavioral behavior selected one in need for improvement, measurable, change in client not other parties or environment
GET A CAB 7characteristics
accountable effective, frequent measurement, when we are effect or failing, collecting data
aba additional public, visible, explicit and straight forward. Do-able, empowering, optimistic,
radical far reaching and thorough behaviorism assumes all behavior explained by analyzing environmental events that perched and follow
weyburn hospital
1960 increasing research applied to humans, university courses offered, Journal applied behavior analysis published
1970 association for behavior analysis established
practice guided human and effective technology of behavior change based on the other three behviorirsm
behavior analysis - philosophical subsystem-basich research-applied - service delivery all working together
PBS positive behaior support
Created by: ilaj