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test 1

QuestionAnswer
drug compounds that affect the central nervous system and alter consciousness and/or perceptions psychoactive drugs
how drug substances alter and affect the brain's mental functions psychoactive effects
new drugs that are developed by people intending to circumvent the illegality of a drug by modifying a drug into a new compound designer drugs
first category of drug users; typified as being in the initial stages of drug use; these people often use drugs for recreational purposes experimenters
second category of drug users, tyified by an insatiable attraction followed by a psychological dependence on drugs compulsive users
third category of drug users; these users vacillate between the need for pleasure seeking and the desire to relieve moderate to serious psychological problems floaters or chippers
what is unique about floaters/chippers? they typically go after someone else's drugs, not always keeping a supply of the drug on hand
legalized drugs such as coffee, alcohol and tobacco licit drugs
illegal drugs such as marijuana, cocaine and LSD illicit drugs
the chemical messengers released by nervous cells for communcation with other cells neurotransmitters
unintended drug responses side effects
intended drug responses main effects
unpleasant effects that occur when use of a drug is stopped withdrawal
correlation between the amount of a drug given and its effects dose-response
amount of a drug necessary to cause an effect potency
capacity of one drug to damage or cause adverse effects in the body toxicity
effects created when drugs are similar and actions are added together additive interactions
ability of one drug to effect another synergism
effects created when drugs cancel one another antagonistic interaction
the study of factors that influence the distribution and concentration of drugs in the body pharmacokinetics
minimum drug dose necessary to cause an effect threshold dose
maximum drug effect, regardless of dose plateau effect
something that causes physical defects in a fetus teratogenic
unexpected effects paradoxical effects
effects caused by suggestion and psychological factors dependent of the pharmacological activity of a drug placebo effect
chemical alteration of drugs by body process metabolism
maintenance of internal stability; often biochemical in nature homeostasis
specialized nerve cells that make up the nervous system and release neurotransmitters neurons
something that causes physical defects in a fetus teratogenic
unexpected effects paradoxical effects
special proteins in a membrane that are activated by natural substances or drugs to alter cell function receptors
effects caused by suggestion and psychological factors dependent of the pharmacological activity of a drug placebo effect
site of communication between a message sending neuron and its message receiving target cell synapse
chemical alteration of drugs by body process metabolism
short branches of neurons that receive transmitter signals dendrites
maintenance of internal stability; often biochemical in nature homeostasis
a type of substance that blocks a receptor antagonistic
specialized nerve cells that make up the nervous system and release neurotransmitters neurons
relating to hormones, their functions and sources endocrine system
an extension of the neuronal cell body along which electrochemical signals travel axons
chemical messengers released into the body by glands hormones
special proteins in a membrane that are activated by natural substances or drugs to alter cell function receptors
site of communication between a message sending neuron and its message receiving target cell synapse
short branches of neurons that receive transmitter signals dendrites
a type of substance that activates a receptor agonistic
a type of substance that blocks a receptor antagonistic
relating to hormones, their functions and sources endocrine system
chemical messengers released into the body by glands hormones
the amount of drug that produces a therapeutic response in 50% of the people taking it effective dose
a comparison of the amoutn of a therapeuticf agent that causes the effect tothe amoutn that causes drug toxicity therapeutic index
a medicine or other remedy, esp. an undiscovered or hypthetical one, with wonderful or highly specific properties magic bullet
why do people use drugs? -40% are upset - 25% are bored - 25% want to get high
Created by: taysam05