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HIT 226 Ch.1

Principles of Disease

a change in structure or function that is considered to be abnormal within the body; any change from normal Disease
the state of sameness or normalcy the body strives to maintain; "not at ease" Homeostasis
a derangement or abnormality of function; a pathological condition of the body or mind but more commonly is used to refer to a problem; also used to refer to structural problems such as a malformation or a condition in which the term disease does not appl Disorder
refers to a group of symptoms, which might be caused by a specific disease but might also be caused by several interrelated problems Syndrome
the study of disease pathology
one who studies disease pathologist
microorganisms or agents that cause disease pathogens
Fractures that are caused by a disease process that weakens the bone, such as osteoporosis pathologic
a description of how a particular disease progresses pathogenesis
The pathogenesis of a disease can be explained in terms of time. True
short term and usually has a sudden onset acute
lasts for an extended period of time or the healing process progresses slowly chronic
the study of the cause of disease etiology
the cause is unknown idiopathic
the problem arose from a prescribed treatment iatrogenic
the disease was acquired from a hospital environment nosocomial
risk factors, make a person more susceptible to disease predisposing factors
Predisposing factors are not the cause of the disease, and people with predisposing factors do not always develop the disease True
age sex environment lifestyle heredity Predisposing factors
occurring more often prevalent
the identification or naming of a disease diagnosis
what patients report as their problem or problems symptoms
what the physician sees or measures signs
using a stethoscope to listen to body cavities auscultation
feeling lightly or pressing firmly on internal organs or structures palpation
tapping over various body areas to produce a vibrating sound percussion
an examination of blood for cell counts and abnormalities complete blood count (CBC)
an examination of urine for abnormalities urinalysis (UA)
x-ray examination of the chest cavity chest x-ray (CXR)
a procedure for recording the electrical activity of the heart electrocardiography (ECG or EKG)
a test of the blood to determine its glucose or sugar levels blood glucose
a special x-ray examination showing detailed images of body structures and organs computerized axial tomography (CT or CAT)
an examination of blood serum to determine the levels of the common electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and chloride) serum electrolytes
the predicted or expected outcome of the disease prognosis
Most acute diseases are related to the respiratory system. True
a time when symptoms are diminished or temporarily resolved remission
a time when symptoms flare up or become worse exacerbation
the onset of a second disease or disorder in an individual who is already affected with a disease complication
diseases commonly leading to the death of an individual mortality
related to the number of people who die with the disease in a certain amount of time mortality rate
the percentage of people with a particular disease who live for a set period of time survival rate
the concept of considering the whole person rather than just the physical being holistic medicine
From a holistic viewpoint, there is interaction between the spiritual, cognitive, social, physical, and emotional being. True
Implementation of a holistic plan usually requires an entire health care team. True
The best treatment option is a preventive plan
aimed at preventing pain and discomfort but does not seek to cure the disease palliative treatment
"rights and wrongness" or "good and badness" ethics
a branch of ethics concerned with what is right or wrong in bio (life) decisions bioethics
Created by: adale3171