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Focus on Health # 4

Chapters 12, 13, 14 Vocabulary

anovulatory Not ovulating
Cohabitation Sharing of a residence by two unrelated, unmarried people; living together.
Dysmenorrhea Abdominal pain caused by muscular cramping during the menstrual cycle
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) A hormone required for initial development of ova(in the female) and and sperm (in the male).
Gender adoption Lengthy process of learning the behavior that is traditional for one's gender.
Gonads Male or female sex glands; testes produce sperm and ovaries produce eggs.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) Medically administered estrogen and progestin to replace hormones lost as the result of menopause.
Hot Flashes Unpleasant, temporary feelings of warmth experienced by women during and after menopause, caused by blood vessel dilation.
Menarche Time of a female's first menstrual cycle.
Menopause Decline and eventual cessation of hormone production by the female reproductive system.
Monogamous Paired relationship with one partner.
Ovulation The release of a mature egg from the ovary.
Platonic Close relationship between two people that does not include a sexual relationship.
Spermatogenesis Process of sperm production.
Semen Secretion containing sperm and nutrients discharged from the urethra at ejaculation.
Excitement Stage Initial arousal stage of the sexual response pattern.
Plateau Stage Second stage of the sexual response pattern; a leveling off of arousal immediately before orgasm.
Orgasmic Stage Third stage of the sexual response pattern; the stage during which neuromuscular tension is released.
Resolution Stage Fourth stage of the sexual response patter; the return of the body to a preexcitement state.
Abortion Induced premature termination of a pregnancy.
Birth Control All the methods and procedures that can prevent the birth of a child.
Blastocyst Early stage of the developing life form that embeds itself into the endometrial lining of the uterus.
Calendar method A form of periodic abstinence in which variable lengths of a women's menstrual cycle are used to calculate her fertile period.
Cesarean delivery Surgical removal of the fetus through the abdominal wall.
Contraception Any method or procedure that prevents fertilization.
Contraindications Factors that make use of a drug inappropriate or dangerous for a particular person.
Dilation Gradual expansion of an opening or passageway, such as the cervix preparing for birth.
Dilation and evacuation A second-trimester abortion procedure that requires greater dilation, suction and curettage (scraping) than the first-trimester vacumn procedures.
Dilation and suction (D&C) A surgical procedure in which the cervical canal is dilated to allow the uterine wall to be scraped; vacumn aspiration.
Ectopic pregnancy A pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum implants at a site other than the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes.
Embryo Developmental stage from the end of the second week after conception until the end of the eighth week.
Enucleated egg An ovum with the nucleus removed.
Fertility The ability to reproduce.
Fetus Developmental stage from the beginning of the ninth week after conception until birth.
Manual vacumn aspiration (MVA) The abortion procedure performed in the earliest weeks after a pregnancy is established.
Medication abortion An abortion caused by the use of prescribed drugs.
Minipills Low-dose progesterone oral contraceptives.
Oral contraceptive pill A pill composed of synthetic female hormones that prevent ovulation or implantation; "the pill."
Periodic abstinence Birth control methods when the couple avoids intercourse during the ovulatory phase of a woman's menstrual cycle; also called fertility awareness, rhythm, or natural family planning.
Placebo pill Pills that contain no active ingredients.
Postpartum The period after the birth of a baby, during which the uterus returns to its prepregnancy size.
Spermicides Chemicals capable of killing sperm.
Spontaneous abortion Any cessation of pregnancy resulting from natural cause; also called a miscarriage.
Stem cells Premature (pluripotent) cells that have the potential to turn into any kind of body cell.
Sterilization Usually permanent birth control techniques that surgically disrupt the normal passage of ova or sperm.
Therapeutic cloning The use of certain human replication techniques to reproduce body tissues and organs.
Transcervical balloon tuboplasty The use of inflatable balloon catheters to open blocked fallopian tubes; a procedure used for some women with fertility problems.
Trimester A three-month period of time; human pregnancies encompass three trimesters.
Zygote A fertilized ovum.
Acupuncture Insertion of fine needles into the body to alter electroenergy fields and cure disease.
Allopathy A medical practice in which specific remedies (often pharmaceuticals) are used to produce effects different from those produced by a disease ot injury.
Ayurveda Traditional Indian medicine based on herbal remedies.
Brand name Specific patented name assigned to a drug by its manufacturer.
Chemical name Name used to describe the molecular structure of a drug.
Chiropractic Manipulation of the vertebral column to relieve misalignments and cure illness.
Consumer fraud Marketing of unreliable and ineffective services, products, or information that claims to cure disease or improve health; quackery.
Generic name Common or nonproprietary name of a drug.
Herbalism An ancient form of healing in which herbal preparations are used to treat illness and disease.
Homeopathy The use of minute doses of herbs, minerals, or other substances to stimulate healing.
Naturopathy A system of treatment that avoids drugs and surgery and emphasizes the use of natural agents, such as sunshine, to correct underlying imbalances.
Osteopathy A system of medical practice in which allopathic principles and a focus on postural mechanics of the body are combined.
Primary health care providers Health care providers who generally see patients on a routine basis, particularly for preventative health care.
Self-care movement The trend toward individuals taking increased responsibility for prevention or management of certain health conditions.
Created by: smmck