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Focus on Health #1

Chapters 1-4 terms

High risk health behavior A behavioral pattern, such as smoking, associated with high risk of developing a chronic illness.
Empowerment The nurturing of an individual's or group's ability to be responsible for their own health and well-being.
holistic health A view of health in terms of physical, emotional, social, intellectual, spiritual, and occupational makeup
Morbidity Pertaining to illness and disease
Mortality Pertaining to death
Nontraditional-age students Students who are pursuing undergraduate work at an age other than that associated with the traditional college years (18-24).
Preventative Medicine Medical care which focuses on lowering the risk for development of chronic disease
Risk factor Lifestyles behaviors or choices that may lead to the development of chronic illness
Traditional-age students College students between the ages of 18 and 24.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder Inability to concentrate well on a specific task; often associated by above-normal physical movement.
bipolar disorder A mood disorder characterized by alternating episodes of depression and mania.
learned helplessness A theory of motivation explaining how individuals can learn to feel powerless, trapped, and defeated.
nature The innate factors that genetically determine personality traits
neurotransmitters Chemical messengers that transfer electrical impulses across the synapses between nerve cells.
nurture The effects that the environment, people, and external factors have on personality.
seasonal affective disorder A type of depression that develops in relation to the changes in the seasons.
self-actualization The highest level of psychological health
self-concept An individual's internal picture of himself or herself; the way one sees oneself
self-esteem An individual's sense of pride, self-respect,value, and worth
distress Stress that diminishes the quality of life; commonly associated with disease, illness, and maladaptation.
Eustress Stress that enhances the quality of life.
Fight or flight response The physiological response to a stressor that prepares the body for confrontation or avoidance.
Procastination A tendency to put off completing tasks until some later time, sometimes resulting in increased stress.
Stessors Factors or events, real, or imagined, that elicit a state of stress.
Test anxiety A form of performance anxiety that generates extreme feelings of distress in exam situations.
Cardiorespiratory endurance The ability of the heart, lungs and blood vessels to process and transport oxygen required by muscle cells so that they can contract over a period of time.
Duration The length of time one needs to exercise at the THR to produce a cardiorespiratory training effect.
ergogenic aids Supplements that are taken to improve athletic performance.
Flexibilty The ability of joints to function through an intended range of motion.
Intensity The level of effort put into an activity.
Muscular endurance The ability of muscles to repeatedly contract over a long period of time.
Muscular strength The ability of muscles to contract to a maximal level.
Physical Activity Any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that result in energy expenditure.
Physical fitness A set of attributes that people have or achieve that relates to the ability to perform physical activity.
Created by: smmck