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Health

Health class

TermDefinition
Vagina a muscular canal around 7.5 cm long that extends from the neck of the womb to the genitals, or vulva
Uterus (womb) a muscular organ, shaped like an upside down pear. Its lining is called the endometrium. The neck or entrance to the womb is the cervix, which has a small hole in its centre called the os
Fallopian (uterine) tubes these tubes extend from the womb, one on each side. They both open near an ovary. These tubes carry the egg (ovum) from the ovary to the womb
Ovaries two small almond-shaped glands that contain ova. Sex hormones are also made by the ovaries.
Endometriosis the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus
Fibroids non-malignant tumours of the womb
Infertility inability to become pregnant
STIs bacteria or viruses acquired through sexual contact, some of which can cause cancer or infertility.
Penis contains tissue that fills with blood during sexual arousal, making the penis erect (or ‘hard’). Semen is a mixture of sperm and fluid from the male reproductive organs. It exits the penis, through the urethra, during ejaculation
The testicles (testes) small oval sex glands located in a skin sack called the scrotum. Sperm and sex hormones are made by the testicles. Keeping the testicles outside of the body means they have a lower temperature, which is important for sperm production
Epididymis a series of small tubes attached to the back of each testicle. The epididymis collects and stores sperm
Vas deferens the epididymis eventually becomes the vas deferens, a larger tube that transports sperm to the urethra (the urinary passage from the bladder)
Accessory sex glands including the prostate gland, seminal vesicles and the bulbourethral glands. These glands contribute nourishing fluid to the sperm.
Impotence a problem with getting or keeping an erection
Infertility the inability to achieve a pregnancy in a fertile woman due to low sperm production, blockages or other factors
Prostate disease benign prostate enlargement and prostate cancer
Created by: CodeX1002