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davison chapter 9

chapter 9

QuestionAnswer
hunger A feeling of discomfort caused by the body’s need for nutrients.
appetite A desire for food based more on emotional and other factors rather than on nutritional need.
basal metabolic rate (BMR) The rate at which a person uses energy when the body is at rest.
daily values Recommendations that specify the amounts of certain nutrients that the average person should obtain each day.
body composition A measure of how much body fat a person has, as compared to muscle and bone.
body mass index (BMI) A ratio of a person’s weight to height . BMI = [Weight (in pounds)/Height (in inches)2] × 703.
overweight Term used to describe a person who is heavier than the standard for the person’s height.
obesity Refers specifically to adults who have a BMI of 30 or higher
underweight Term used to describe a person who is lighter than the standard for the person’s height.
fad diet A popular diet that may help a person lose or gain weight but without proper regard for nutrition and other health issues.
vegetarian A person who does not eat meat.
vegan A person who does not eat food from any animal source.
food allergy The immune system’s response to the proteins in certain foods.
food intolerance The inability to digest a particular food or food additive.
carbohydrate loading The practice of greatly increasing carbohydrate intake and decreasing exercise on the days immediately before a competition.
eating disorder A mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food.
anorexia nervosa An eating disorder in which a person doesn’t eat enough food to maintain a healthy body weight.
bulimia An eating disorder in which a person has uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging.
binge eating disorder An eating disorder in which a person regularly has an uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food, but without purging.
Created by: kandrews3434