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LPT Respiratory

QuestionAnswer
alveoli tiny airs sac that permit the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide through capillary beds
antihistamine drug that relieves allergy symptoms
3 common antihistamines benadryl, claritin, zyrtec
antitussive drug that decreases coughing
apnea stop breathing, may be temporary or fatal
bronchi air passages leading from the trachea to the bronchiole in the lungs
decongestant reduces congestion or swelling especially in nasal passages
common nasal decongestant neo-synephrine
dyspnea labored or difficult breathing
emphysema condition where air sac dilates, the alveoli lose elasticity causing residual air to be trapped in them
epiglottis leaf-shaped structure on top of the larynx that seals off the air passages to lungs during swallowing
expectorant drug that breaks down mucus to enable pt to cough it up more easily
Fowler's position upper body is raised to 45-60 degrees by means of pillows or adjusting the head of the bed
hemoptysis spitting up of blood
hyperpnea breathing too rapidly or deeply, also known as hyperventilation
hypoxia absence of or decrease in oxygen
larynx voice box; joins the pharynx with the trachea
mucolytic drug that thins mucous so it can be coughed up more easily
percussion physical therapy for repiratory patients, tapping of back is most common
pharynx tubelike structure that extends from the base of the skull to esophagus; serves both respiratory and digestive tracts
productive cough cough that brings up large amounts of mucus
rebound effect reappearance of symptoms in even stronger form after a drug dose has worn off
semi-fowlers position where the pt body is elevated to 30 degrees
sputum abnormally thick fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract, salvia is formed in your mouth
tachypnea rapid breathing
trachea windpipe, connects the larynx to the bonchi
unproductive cough cough that brings up nothing from the lungs, a dry cough
nebulizer creates a drug mist inhaled by the pt usually with a fast acting bronchiodilator added such as albuteral
postion respiratory patients can breath easier upright
T/F Never give fluids with expectorants false
T/F Chilren breath slower than adults false
T/F A broad spectrum antibiotic should be taken only until you are asymptomatic false
T/F Dry mucous membranes become less irrated and are less prone to infection false
People usually breath about 12-25 times per minute
A communicable or infectious disease that attacks the lung tissue tuberculosis
barrel chest is found in people with emphysema
pneumonia an infection of the lungs`
expectorants help the patient cough productively
a high pitched, musical sound that occurs through a narrowed airway is wheezing
lack of oxygen is hypoxia
a running nose, sneezing, and watery eyes are symptoms of rhinitis
Created by: LPT Program