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davison chapter atod

atod unit

QuestionAnswer
drug A chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person’s body or behavior.
depressant A drug that slows brain and body reactions.
fermentation The process that creates alcohol, in which microorganisms called yeast feed on sugars.
zero-tolerance policy A policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking.
intoxication The state in which a person’s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.
blackout A period of time that an intoxicated person cannot recall.
blood alcohol concentration (BAC) The amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage.
hangover A term used to describe the aftereffects of drinking too much alcohol.
driving while intoxicated (DWI) The charge given to a driver over age 21 caught driving with a BAC that exceeds 0.08 percent, or to a driver under the age of 21 with any detectable BAC.
overdose The consequence of taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to coma or death.
binge drinking The consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol at one sitting.
fetal alcohol syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
cirrhosis A disease of the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue; cirrhosis may lead to liver failure.
alcoholism A disease marked by a person being unable to control their use of alcohol.
tolerance The condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain.
dependence The condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it.
addiction The state of losing control over the use of a drug; it is accompanied by a strong craving for the drug.
reverse tolerance A condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
detoxification The process of removing all alcohol or other drugs from a person’s body.
withdrawal A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
rehabilitation The process of learning to cope with everyday living without drugs.
nicotine An extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products.
smokeless tobacco Tobacco products that are chewed, placed between the lower lip and teeth, or sniffed.
chewing tobacco A smokeless tobacco product that consists of poor-quality, ground tobacco leaves and is placed between the gum and the cheek.
snuff A smokeless tobacco product that consists of dry or moist powder. It may be placed between the lower lip and teeth or sniffed.
stimulant A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system.
tar A dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
carcinogen A substance that is known to cause cancer.
carbon monoxide A poisonous, colorless, odorless gas produced when substances are burned.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) A disease that results in a gradual loss of lung function.
chronic bronchitis A condition in which the bronchi in the lungs are constantly swollen and clogged with mucus.
emphysema A disorder in which damaged alveoli in the lungs can no longer take in adequate oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide.
leukoplakia White patches on the tongue or lining of the mouth that may become cancerous.
mainstream smoke Smoke that is exhaled from a smoker’s lungs.
sidestream smoke Smoke that goes directly into the air from a burning tobacco product.
secondhand smoke A combination of mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke; also known as environmental tobacco smoke.
medicine A legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or disease.
over-the-counter drug A medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor’s prescription.
prescription drug A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
illegal drug A chemical substance that people of any age may not lawfully manufacture, possess, buy, or sell.
drug misuse The improper use of medicines—either prescription or over-the-counter drugs.
drug abuse The intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug.
psychoactive drug A chemical that affects brain activity; also known as a “mood-altering” drug.
side effect An unwanted physical or mental effect caused by a drug.
drug antagonism A condition that occurs when one drug’s effect is canceled out or reduced by another.
drug synergism A condition that occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone.
protective factor A factor that reduces a person’s potential for harmful behavior.
depressant A drug that slows brain and body reactions.
barbiturates A class of depressant drugs; also called sedative-hypnotics.
opiate Any drug made from psychoactive compounds contained in the seed pods of poppy plants.
stimulant A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system.
amphetamines Prescription drugs that are sometimes sold illegally as “speed” or “uppers.”
hallucinogen A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood.
club drugs Drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
inhalant A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.
Created by: kandrews3434