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davison chapter 22

chapter 22 notes

sexually transmitted infection (STI) An infection caused by any pathogen that spreads from one person to another during sexual contact.
trichomoniasis A sexually transmitted infection caused by a protozoan that infects the urinary tract or vagina.
urethritis Inflammation of the lining of the urethra
vaginitis A vaginal infection or irritation.
human papilloma virus A very common viral sexually transmitted infection.
chlamydia A very common sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria.
pelvic inflammatory disease A serious infection of the female reproductive organs that can lead to infertility or an ectopic pregnancy.
gonorrhea A bacterial sexually transmitted infection that infects the urinary tract of males and females and the reproductive organs of females.
genital herpes A sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus.
syphilis A serious bacterial sexually transmitted infection that progresses through three distinct stages.
chancre A painless sore that appears during the first stage of syphilis infection.
HIV The human immunodeficiency virus, an incurable sexually transmitted infection that can lead to AIDS.
AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, an often fatal disease of the immune system caused by HIV infection.
asymptomatic stage The stage of HIV infection in which the infected person shows no symptoms.
opportunistic infection An infection that attacks a person with a weakened immune system.
universal precautions Actions taken by healthcare providers that reduce their risk of coming into contact with blood and body fluids.
HIV-positive A person who is diagnosed as being infected with HIV.
viral load The number of virus particles circulating in the body.
Created by: kandrews3434