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HUC MedTerminology

HUC Studies - Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
a- not, without
ab- from, away, off
ambi- both
ante- anterior, forward, in front of, prior to
anti-; ant-; anth- opposing in effect or activity; inhibiting; serving to prevent, cure, alleviate
auto- self
bi- two, into two parts, twice
brady- slow
con- with, together
de- down, lack of
dys- abnormal, difficult, bad, painful
e- missing, absent
ec- out of, outside
epi- upon, beside, attached to
ex- out, away from
extra- outside, beyond
hyper- excessive
hypo- under, beneath, less than normal
infra- into, within
macro- large, thick
mal- bad
meta-; met- change, after
neo- new
non- not, reverse of, absence of
para-; par- beside, abnormal, closely resembling, almost
peri- around, surrounding
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- earlier than, prior to, in front of, before
pro- immature, being a precursor to, forward
pseudo- false
re- back, again
retro- behind, backward
sub- under, below, beneath
supra-; super- super, transcending
syn-; sym- with, along with, at the same time
trans- through, such as, to change or transfer
ultra- beyond in space, on the other side, transcending
abdomen/o abdomen
acu performed with a needle
acr extremities, top, peak
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal gland
angi/o blood or lymph vessels
anter/o front
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
audio hearing, sound
bar/o, bari/o weight, pressure
bi/o life, living organism
bili bile, gall
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
cardi/o heart
-cele hernia, tumor
cephal/o head
cerebr/o brain, cerebrum
cervic/o neck, cervix of an organ
chol-, chole bile, gall
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
crani/o skull, cranium
cry/o cold, freezing
crypt hidden, covered
cyan blue
cyst/o bladder
cyt/o cell
dent/i tooth, dental
derm/o skin
dextr right, on or toward the right
duoden/o duodenum
encephal/o brain
erg work
erythr/o red
fibr/o fiberous tissue
gastr/o stomach
gloss tongue
gynec/o woman, female
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water
hyster/o uterus, womb
ile/o ileum (third part of small intestine)
ili/o ilium (upper part of hip bone)
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
mast/o breast
mono one, single
morph form, shape
multi many, multiple
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o marrow or spinal cord
nas/o nose
necr/o death, those who are dead, corpse
neur/o nerve
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
a- not, without
ab- from, away, off
ambi- both
ante- anterior, forward, in front of, prior to
anti-; ant-; anth- opposing in effect or activity; inhibiting; serving to prevent, cure, alleviate
auto- self
bi- two, into two parts, twice
brady- slow
con- with, together
de- down, lack of
dys- abnormal, difficult, bad, painful
e- missing, absent
ec- out of, outside
epi- upon, beside, attached to
ex- out, away from
extra- outside, beyond
hyper- excessive
hypo- under, beneath, less than normal
infra- into, within
macro- large, thick
mal- bad
meta-; met- change, after
neo- new
non- not, reverse of, absence of
para-; par- beside, abnormal, closely resembling, almost
peri- around, surrounding
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- earlier than, prior to, in front of, before
pro- immature, being a precursor to, forward
pseudo- false
re- back, again
retro- behind, backward
sub- under, below, beneath
supra-; super- super, transcending
syn-; sym- with, along with, at the same time
trans- through, such as, to change or transfer
ultra- beyond in space, on the other side, transcending
abdomen/o abdomen
acu performed with a needle
acr extremities, top, peak
aden/o gland
adren/o adrenal gland
angi/o blood or lymph vessels
anter/o front
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
audio hearing, sound
bar/o, bari/o weight, pressure
bi/o life, living organism
bili bile, gall
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
cardi/o heart
-cele hernia, tumor
cephal/o head
cerebr/o brain, cerebrum
cervic/o neck, cervix of an organ
chol-, chole bile, gall
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
crani/o skull, cranium
cry/o cold, freezing
crypt hidden, covered
cyan blue
cyst/o bladder
cyt/o cell
dent/i tooth, dental
derm/o skin
dextr right, on or toward the right
duoden/o duodenum
encephal/o brain
erg work
erythr/o red
fibr/o fiberous tissue
gastr/o stomach
gloss tongue
gynec/o woman, female
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water
hyster/o uterus, womb
ile/o ileum (third part of small intestine)
ili/o ilium (upper part of hip bone)
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
mast/o breast
mono one, single
morph form, shape
multi many, multiple
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
myel/o marrow or spinal cord
nas/o nose
necr/o death, those who are dead, corpse
neur/o nerve
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
oophor/o ovary
opt/o eye
orth/o straight, upright
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
pancreat/o pancreas
ped/o foot or child
pharmac medicine, drug
phleb/o vein
-phobia abnormal fear
phon sound, voice speech
pneum/o air, lung
polio relating to the gray matter of the brain
proct/o anus and rectum
psych/o mind, mental processes and activities
pulmon/o lung
pyel/o renal pelvis (central section of the kidney)
radi/o radiant energy, radiation, radioactive; x-ray; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
ren/o kidney; renal
rhin/o nose
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o fallopian tube
scapul/o scapula, shoulder blade
son/o sound
spiro respiration
spleen/o spleen
stern/o sternum, breastbone
stomat/o mouth
therm heat
thorac/o chest, thorax
thromb/o clot
toxic poison
trache/o trachea, windpipe
ureter/o ureter
vascul/o blood vessel
veno vein
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-blast immature cells
-centesis puncture
-cide kill
-cise cut
-ectomy surgical removal
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-ic pertaining to
-itis inflammation
-lepsy seizure
-lysis disintegration, reduction
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-meter measure
-logy study of
-oma tumor
-pexy fixation, usually surgical
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breath, breathing
-rrhagia; -rrhea abnormal or excessive discharge or flow
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhexis rupture, splitting
-sclerosis hardening
-scopy visual examination of
-sis action, process, or condition
-stomy artificial or surgical opening
-tomy incision, to cut
-penia abnormally low number, deficiency
-thermy heat
-trophy development
-uria presence of or in urine