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Nut: Weight Man.

Positive energy balance take in more energy than you use
Result of positive energy balance weight gain
Negative energy balance take in less energy than you use
Result of negative energy balance weight loss
Basal metabolism minimum amount of energy used in a fasting state to keep a resting, awake body alive in a warm, quiet environment
Resting metaboism 6% higher than BMR
Ways to increases BMR greater muscle mass, exercise, caffeine, during growth, body temperature, nervous system activity
Thermic affect of food energy the body uses to digest, absorb, transport, store, metabolize the nutrients consumed
thermogensis heat production by humans
Ways to measure energy expenditure direct calorimetry, indirect calorimetry, EER's
2 factors that drive our desire to eat hunger and appetite
hunger is the physiological drive to find and eat food
appetite is physiological drive to eat
Appetite is affected by social, time of day, memories
Satiety the state of being after satisfying either appetite or hunger
BMI used to determine health risks
Underweight BMI < 18.5
Normal BMI 18.5-24.9
Overweight BMI 25-29.9
Obese BMI > 30
Body fat range 2 - 70 %
Desired Body Fat for Men 8 - 24 %
Desired Body Fat for Women 21 - 35 %
Ways to measure body fat bod pod, underwater weighing, skin folds, bioelectrical impedance, DEXA
Android fat upper body obesity
Gynoid Fat Lower Body Obesity
Android obesity is related to cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes.
Genes account for ___ % of weight differences 40-70
Genetics determine body type, metabolic rate, and factors that affect hunger and satiety
4 things that affect weight nutrition, behavior, activity, genetics
3 components to a sound weight loss program eat less, exercise, control problem behaviors
How many kcals in a lb 3500
Minimum kcals for women 1200
Minimum kcals for men 1500
Effects of regular physical activity boosts self esteem, maintains bone mass, increase metabolic rate
Way to control problem behaviors chain breaking, stimulus control, cognitive restructuring, contingency management, self monitoring
Weight loss maintenance eat low-fat, high carb, eat breakfast, self monitor, have a physical activity plan
Fad Diets include rapid weight loss, eliminates food groups, monthly fee,
Average diet lasts 42 days
What % of people maintain weight loss 5-10%
How much weight can be lost per week and still be healthy 1/2 - 2 lbs
150 minutes of exercise per week can delay type 2 diabetes by 58%
Anorexia dont eaet
Bulimia binge eat then purge
Created by: cruseb1