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Ch 5 terms

ch 5 terms

TermDefinition
Obstetricians doctors who specialize in pregnancy and birth
environmental factors those factor caused by a person's surroundings
premature term that describes babies who are born too soon
low birthweight describes babies who weigh less than 5.5 pounds at birth
Rh factor a protein substance found in the red blood cells of about 85 percent of the population
diabetes a disorder caused by the body's inability to use sugar properly
pregnancy induced hypertension the name for high blood pressure caused by pregnancy
STD infectious illnesses that are passed primarily through sexual intercourse
AIDS a disease caused by HIV virus, which attacks the body's immune system
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a condition in infants that occurs when mothers drink heavily during pregnancy
congenital problem a physical or biochemical problem that is present at birth and may b e caused by genetic or environmental problems
miscarriage the expulsion of a baby from the mother's body before week 20
stillbirth loss of a fetus after 20 weeks
ultrasound a prenatal test in which the sound waves bounce off the fetus to produce an image of the fetus in the womb
chorionic villus sampling procedure for finding abnormalities in the unborn by testing a small sample of the chorion
amniocentesis a test in which a needle is inserted through the woman's abdomen into the amniotic sac and a sample of the fluid is removed for a cell study
labor the process that moves the baby out of the mothers body
certified nurse midwives nurses who have special training in delivering babies during normal pregnancies
natural childbirth a delivery method in which the pregnant woman learns about the birth process and uses breathing and relaxation techniques to reduce fear and pain
Lamaze Method a delivery method in which the pregnant woman is trained to use breathing patterns to keep her mind off pain
Leboyer Method a delivery method that focuses on making the baby as comfortable as possible during an immediately after delivery
lightening a change in the baby's position in which the uterus settles downward and forward and the baby descends lower into the pelvis
breech birth position the buttocks first position in which come babies enter the birth canal
dilation the first stage of labor, during which the cervix opens
episiotomy an incision made to widen the birth canal and prevent tearing
forceps a curved instrument that fits around the sides of a baby's head and is used to help the doctor ease the baby down the birth canal during a contraction
vacuum extraction technique that uses suction to help the doctor move the baby down the birth canal as the mother pushes
cesarean section a delivery method in which the mother's abdomen and uterus are surgically opened and the baby is removed
bonding developing a feeling of affection
postpartum care the care the mother receives during the six to eight weeks following the birth of her baby
baby blues a mild postpartum mood disorder that goes away on its on
postpartum depression a less frequent, but serious form of depression that may occur after giving birth
postpartum psychosis a rare and extremely sever mental illness that may result after giving birth
Created by: brinne