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Surveillance

Surveillance and Investigations

QuestionAnswer
What are some uses of Epidemiology? 1) Determine role, interactions, and extent of factors (host, agent, environment) in the occurrence of disease or health problem 2) Study the occurrence of disease in a pop 3) Describe the distro of a disease or class of diseases in a pop 4) Measure ri
What are some uses of Epidemiology? 5) Study the occurrence of disease or death w time as a variable 6) Aid search for causes of disease 7) Control & prevention 8) Aid ID of clinical syndromes 9) Aid detection of presymptomatic & latent disease 10) Administrative med and operations res
What are the purposes of surveillance? -ID individual cases of disease that pose immediate risk to communities -Detecting clusters and monitoring trends of disease that may represent outbreaks -Evaluating control and prevention measures -Developing hypotheses for emerging diseases
What are the elements of surveillance? -System design and purpose -Data collection -Data analysis -Information dissemination -System evaluation
What is surveillance? Ongoing collection, meaningful analysis, and routine dissemination of relevant data for providing opportunities for public health action to prevent and control disease
What is active surveillance? Proactively calling or visiting hospitals, laboratories, or schools, to obtain a more accurate disease picture
When is active surveillance often conducted? -When an outbreak is detected -During an epidemiological study -At the discovery of a new disease -When circumstances prompt public health officials to suspect potential bioterrorism around a high-profile event
What is passive surveillance? Traditional reportable disease surveillance, vital statistics, and disease reigstries
When is passive surveillance often conducted? On a regular schedule
What type of information does passive surveillance rely on? Regular required disease reporting by physicians, hospitals, and laboratories to CHDs or FDOH
Created by: AlneciaPHS