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Nutrition: test

Carbohydrates supplies energy for body functions
fats form cells, protects nerves, maintains body temp
proteins growth and repair of your body's tissues
vitamins help the body with various processes, including use of other nutrients
minerals calium, iron, potassium
water helps maintain steady state in body
dehydration loss or low levels of water; can be caused by exessive diarrhea
What are the fat soluble vitamins? The vitamins include vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin A, and vitamin K.
fad diet diets that are in, or popular (gluten free)
constipation lack of fiber and loss of water causes this
indigestion difficulty digesting meals
diarrhea bland, low fiber diet, and use medication helps reduce this
ulcers break in the lining of the stomach or small intestines
cholesterol waxy fat-like substance found in animal cells may lead to heart disease or stroke
complex carbohydrate brown rice, potato, etc
basal metabolic rate (BMR) rate at which body uses calories at rest
saturated fat solid at room temperature
unsaturated fat help decrease inflammation, reduce heart disease, reduce blood clotting (and/or thick blood), and help regulate blood pressure.
Why is fiber important? indigestible portion of food derived from plants helps you to eliminate waste (go to bathroom)
calorie the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1°C from a standard initial temperature
what are the water soluble vitamin Vitamin C, B vitamins, folate
What is the definition of water soluble vitamins Vitamins that can not be stored in the body
What is the definition of fat soluble vitamins Vitamins that are stored in the body
What are the problems with fad diets Limit food groups, limits nutrients, excessive weight loss too quickly, not safe
What is nutrient density? Food that contain lots of vitamins and minerals relative to the number of calories
What are examples of complex carbohydrates? Potatoes, rice, cereals, whole wheat rolls.
How many calories are in 1 pound of fat 3500 calories
Created by: tlink1