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TermDefinition
Physical Health The efficient functioning of the body and its systems and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness
Social Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way
Mental Wellbeing in which individuals realize their own abilities, cope with the normal stress of life, can work productively and are able to make a contribution to their community
Health Status An individuals or a populations overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors
Burden of Disease A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called DALY.
DALYS disability adjusted life year* -A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equa ls one year of healthy life lost (YLL- fatal component) due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury (YLD- non fatal)
YLL Years of life lost due to death, refers to the FATAL component of BOD
YLD Healthy years lost due to disease or injury, refers to NON FATAL component
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE) A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health and mortality.(Qua
Life expectancy An indication of how long a person can expect to live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change (quantity) ( mostly measured from birth)
Under 5 Mortality Rate The number of deaths of children under five years of age per 1000 live births
Mortality refers to the number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor
Morbidity Refers to ill health in an individual and the levels of ill health in a population or group
Incidence Measures the number of new cases of an illness or disease during one year
Prevalence The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time
Maternal Mortality Ratio is the number of deaths of women who are either pregnant or in the first 42 days after giving birth or having termination, express per 100 000 live births
Social Determinants Aspects of society and the social environment that impact on health, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support.
Behavioral Determinants Actions or patterns of living of an individual or group that impact on health such as smoking, sexual activity, participation in physical activity, eating practices.
Biological Determinants -Factors relating to the body that impact on health such as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels and birth weight.
Created by: rsargent