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HIT 220 Ch. 3 & 4

Intro to Computer Systems for HIT

QuestionAnswer
The location from which data originates Data sources
The process by which data are collected Data collection
A department of the DHHS that advances the development, adoption, and implementation of HIT standards Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC)
An organization that manages the local deployment of systems promoting and facilitating the exchange of healthcare data within a national information network Regional health information organizations (RHIOs)
The seamless exchange of health information across disparate organizations health information exchanges
Interoperable information infrastructure that links various healthcare information systems together allowing physicians, healthcare institutions, and other entities nationwide to share clinical information privately and securely National health information network
The cabinet-level federal agency that oversees all the health- and human-services-related activities of the federal government and administers federal regulations Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
A public policy advisory board that recommends policy to the National Center for Health Statistics and other health-related federal programs National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS)
An infrastructure proposed by the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics that is a set of technologies, standards, applications, systems, values, and laws that support all facets of provider healthcare, individual health, and public health National Health Information Infrastructure (NHII)
A private or government agency involved in the development of healthcare informatics standards at a national or international level Standards development organization (SDO)
An organization that governs standards in many aspects of public and private business; developer of the Health Information Technology Standards Panel American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
A subgroup of Accreditation Standards Committee X12 that has been involved in developing electronic data interchange standards for billing transactions Workgroup for Electronic Data Interchange (WEDI)
An international organization of healthcare professionals dedicated to creating standards for the exchange, management, and integration of electronic information Health Level 7 (HL7)
format that is used primarily for processing of financial data, such as claims billing ASC X12 format
the clear guidelines for the acceptable values for specified data fields Data content standards
These data elements are collected to capture a minimum amount of demographic and admission-specific information on all inpatient discharges; a data collection tool Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set (UHDDS)
Health information exchanges (HIEs) are also called Regional Health Information Organizations (RHIOs)
The public advisory agency that supports the DHHS in standards development is the National Committe on Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS)
The data standards group that has been approved by SDO and operates under the DHHS is Workgroup for Electronic Data Interchange (WEDI)
A central database that focuses on clinical information Clinical data repository (CDR)
A database that makes it possible to access data from multiple databases and combine the results into a single query and reporting interface Data warehouse
The process of extracting information from a database and then quantifying and filtering discrete, structured data Data mining
A list of recommended data elements with uniform definitions that are relevant for a particular use Data set
Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set UHDDS
Uniform Ambulatory Care Data Set UACDS
Data Elements for Emergency Department Systems DEEDS
Essential Medical Data Set - part of NHI infrastructure EMDS
Outcomes and Assessment Information Set OASIS
Minimum Data Set for Long Term Care MDS LTC
Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set HEDIS
by the Joint Commissions ORYX
a uniform data set of elements for ambulatory care that capture a minimum amount of data on patients and outpatient services provided UACDS
a data collection set designed for hospital-based emergency departments that was designed to collect uniform information on emergency department's services at a hospital DEEDS
a data set that is similar to DEEDS but was developed by the National Information Infrastructure Health Information Network EMDS
a data set developed for home care patients that helps to trend and analyze the outcomes of home care patient through utilizing a standardized data capture tool used for patients who receive home health services that are covered by Medicare or Medicaid OASIS
a long-term care data set that captures demographic and clinical information on patients receiving nursing home care MDS-LTC
a standardized set of performance measures designed to allow purchasers and consumers to compare the performance of managed-care plans HEDIS
a performance improvement initiative of the Joint Commission used to examine a healthcare organization's performance with that of others ORYX
a patient-identifying directory referencing all patients related to an organization and which also serves as a link to the patient record or information, facilitates patient identification, and assists in maintaining a patient record from birth to death Master patient index (MPI)
the data are correct Data accuracy
a method to detect whether elements of the patient's health record are missing Quantitative analysis
a detailed review of the patient's health record for the quality of the documentation contained therein Qualitative analysis
volunteers his or her time as part of a hospital committee to review health records for various reasons Physician advisor (PA)
Review by like professionals established according to an organization's medical staff bylaws; allows medical professionals to candidly critique and criticize the work of their colleagues without fear of reprisal Peer review
The division of DHHS responsible for developing healthcare policy in the US and for administering the Medicare program and the federal portion of the Medicaid program Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
the common data set that is overseen by the government agency that oversees the Medicare and Medicaid services OASIS
a missing signature from an entry in a health record would be an example of Quantitative analysis
Who should know of an ICD code change of the healthcare practitioners who are reviewing this record during the patient stay? In-house coder
A managerial process that ensures the integrity of an organization's data during data collection, application, warehousing, and analysis AHIMA Data Quality Model
the property that data are true to the source and have not been altered or destroyed in an unauthorized manner; the extent to which data are complete, accurate, consistent, and timely data integrity
preprogrammed definitions of each data field set up within the software application. If any data are different from what has been preprogrammed, an edit message appears on the screen Edit check
triggered when the mouse is placed on top of a data field hot spot
What should be done with a data field that has no information that is known or can be entered into this field Type in "NA"
With computerized health records, what is most affected with indexing errors? MPI
If every field on the computer screen is a "required field", what would this affect the most? Time
the stability, repeatability, or precision of data Data reliability
a tool that is used to show movement of people, materials, paperwork within a work setting flowchart
an effective instrument for planning and working with large detailed projects Gantt chart
uses numbers and letters to help evaluate the time needed to perform tasks or events and the activities in order Project Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT) chart
The common graph used for movement of people or flow of work Flowchart
A graph that is used to denote time and activities for complex projects PERT chart
The repeatability of a measure is used for data quality and is called reliability
Data that is not backed up by facts and figures Subjective data
a collection of data carefully organized to be of value to the user database
manipulates and controls the data stored within the database database management system (DBMS)
a search for data that meet specific criteria the user requests within subsets of the database query
when the primary key of one table is included in another table foreign key
breaking the data elements into the level of detail desired by the facility normalization
the specific meaning of a healthcare-related data element Data definition
a unique patient identifier used in a healthcare database primary key
The best choice for field type used for the medical record number is auto-numbering
The term used to describe breaking data elements into the level of detail needed to retrieve the data is normalization
In a database, which term describes how data about an individual patient are stored? Row
The term used to describe a key from one table that is located in another table is foreign key
What type of field is used to enter numbers that cannot be calculated? Alphanumeric
translates how data are stored in the computer from the physical view to one that is understandable by the user data definition language (DDL)
accesses, makes changes to, and retrieves data from the database data manipulation language (DML)
allow the user to use common English words to tell the database which data are needed natural language queries
a query method where the user only has to point and click to choose tables and fields contained in the database Query by example (QBE)
used to query data; uses simple commands such as "select" to control the query Structured query language (SQL)
What is the term used to describe a search that uses commands such as "and" and "not"? Boolean search
What component of the DBMS controls security? Data definition language
The term used to describe how a data element is displayed is: Mask
The type of query that uses wildcards and Boolean searches is: Query by example
The title of a data element is recorded in the: Data dictionary
the design of the database needed for organization Data modeling
a common type of data modeling that focuses on relationships between entitities entity-relationship diagram
designed to create many of the diagrams and other tools used in the data model Computer-aided software engineering (CASE) software
a diagram of how data flows within the database data flow diagram
The software used to generate data flow diagrams and other data modeling tools is called: CASE
The data model that defines the requirement of the database is: conceptual data model
In a database the concept of patient is an example of an: entity
The entity-relationship diagram is used in which type of data model? Physical data model
a fact about an entity An attribute
The most common database model developed on the premise that all data are stored in tables with relationships among the tables relational database model
a model that structures the data in broad groupings that can be further subdivided into more narrowly defined groups or detailed entitites hierarchical model
uses pointers to connect data; the nodes are called owners and members rather than parent and child nodes network database model
a database model that handles text, images, audio, video and other objects object-oriented database
a database that stores patient-specific data from many different systems data repository
stores data from many different systems and includes historical and current information data warehouse
a central database that focuses on clinical information clinical data repository (CDR)
the process of finding unknown dependencies in large data sets using automated means data mining
a computing technique for summarizing, consolidating, viewing, and applying formula to and synthesizing data according to multiple dimensions online analytical processing (OLAP)
a programming language that was designed to be used on the Internet Java
Which of the following is a technique used in data mining? Fuzzy logic
The database model that uses a table as the basis for the design is: relational
The concept of parent/child is used in which database model? Hierarchical
Which term is a true statement about the data warehouse? The data warehouse is updated periodically
A programming language designed to be used over the Internet that is used in an object-oriented database model is called: Java
Created by: adale3171