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Medical Abbreviation

Abbreviations

QuestionAnswer
ABG arterial blood gas
ABN Advanced Beneficiary Notice; used by CMS to notify beneficiary of payment of provider services
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
AD right ear
ADL activities of daily living
AFB acid-fast bacillus
AFI amniotic fluid index
AGA appropriate for gestational age
AGCUS atypical glandular cells of undetermined significance
AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AKA above-knee amputation
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ANS autonomic nervous system
APCs Ambulatory Payment Classifications, patient classification that provides a payment system for outpatients
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute renal failure
ARM artificial rupture of membrane
AS left ear
ASCUS atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance
ASCVD arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASD atrial septal defect
ASHID arteriosclerotic heart disease
AU both ears
AV atrioventricular
BCC benign cellular changes
bid twice a day
BiPAP bi-level positive airway pressure
BKA below-knee amputation
BP blood pressure
BPD biparietal diameter
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
BPP biophysical profile
BUN blood urea nitrogen
BV bacterial vaginosis
bx biopsy
C1-C7 cervical vertebrae
ca cancer
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
CBC complete blood cell count
CAM complementary and alternative medicine
CF conversion factor, national dollar amount that is applied to all services paid on the Medicare Fee Schedule basis
CHF congestive heart failure
CHL crown-to-heel length
CK creatine kinase
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, formerly HCFA, Health Care Financing Administration
CNM Certified Nurse Midwife
CNS central nervous system
COB coordination of benefits
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPP chronic pelvic pain
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
CVA cerebrovascular insufficiency
CVI cerebrovascular insufficiency
CXR Chest X-ray
D&C dilation and curettage
D&E dilation and evacuation
derm dermatology
DHHS Department of Health and Human Servicesq
DRE digital rectal examination
DLCO diffuse capacity of lungs for carbon monoxide
DRGs Diagnosis Related Groups, disease classification system that relates the type of inpatients a hospital treats (case mix) to the costs incurred by the hospital
DSE dobutamine stress echocardiography
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Dx diagnosis
ECC endocervical curettage
ECG, EKG electrocardiogram
EDC estimated date of confinement
EDD estimated date of delivery
EDI electronic data interchange, exchange of data between multiple computer terminals
EEG electroencephalogram
EFM electronic fetal monitoring
EFW estimated fetal weight
EGA estimated gestational age
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EGJ esophagogastric junction
EMC endometrial curettage
ENT ear, nose, and throat
EOB explanation of benefits, remittance advice
EPO Exclusive Provider Organization,similar to a Health Maintenance Organization except that the providers of the services are not prepaid,but rather are paid on a fee-for-service basis
EPSDT Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ERT estrogen replacement therapy
ESRD end-stage renal disease
FAS fetal alcohol syndrome
FEF forced expiratory flow
FEV forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FEV:FVC maximum amount of forced expiratory volume in 1 second
FHR fetal heart rate
FI fiscal intermediary, financial agent acting on behalf of a third-party payer
FRC functional residual capacity
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
FVC forced vital capacity
Fx, fx fracture
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
H or E hemorrhage or exudate
HCFA Health Care Financing Administration, now known as Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)
HCVD hypertensive cardiovascular disease
HD hemodialysis
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HEA hemorrhage, exudate, aneurysm
HF heart failure
HHN hand-held nebulizer
HJR hepatojugular reflux
H&P History and Physical
HPV human papillomavirus
HSG hysterosalpingogram
HSV herpes simplex virus
Hx history
I&D incision and drainage
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
IO intraocular
IOL intraocular lens
IPAP inspiratory positive airway pressure
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
IVF in vitro fertilization
IVP intravenous pyelogram
JBP jugular blood pressure
KUB kidneys, ureter, bladder
L1-L5 lumbar vertebrae
LBBB left bundle branch block
LEEP loop electrosurgical excision procedure
LGA large for gestational age
LLQ left lower quadrant
LMP last menstrual period
LP lumbar puncture
LUQ left upper quadrant
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MAT multifocal atrial tachycardia
MDI metered dose inhaler
MI myocardial infarction
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
MSLT multiple sleep latency testing
MVV maximum voluntary ventilation
NCPAP nasal continuous positive airway pressure
NPO nothing by mouth
NSAID Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSR normal sinus rhythm
OA osteoarthritis
OD right eye
OCD obsessive-compulsive disorder
OS left eye
OU each eye, both eyes
OCP oral contraceptive pills
OM Otitis media
PAC premature atrial contraction
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
PAWP pulmonary artery wedge pressure
PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PEAP positive end-expiratory pressure
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PERL pupils equal and reactive to light
PERRL pupils equal, round, and reactive to light
PERRLA pupils equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation
PFT pulmonary function test
pH symbol for acid/base level
PICC peripherally inserted central catheter
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PNS peripheral nervous system
prn as needed
PROM premature rupture of membranes
PSA prostate-specific antigen
PST, PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT prothrombin time
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder
PTT partial thromboplastin time
PVC premature ventricular contraction
qid four times a day
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RA remittance advice, explanation of services
RBBB right bundle branch block
RBC red blood cell count
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
REM rapid eye movement
RLQ right lower quadrant
RSR regular sinus rhythm
ROM range of motion
RUQ right upper quadrant
RV respiratory volume
RVG Relative Value Guide
RVH right ventricular hypertrophy
RVS relative value studies, list of procedures with unit values assigned to each
RV:TLC ratio of respiratory volume to total lung capacity
RX Prescription
SHG sonohysterogram
SOB shortness of breath
sp gr specific gravity
SROM spontaneous rupture of membranes
subcu, subq, SC, SQ subcutaneous
STI sexually transmitted infection
SUI stress urinary incontinence
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
Sx symptom
T1-T12 thoracic vertebrae
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TIA transient ischemic attack
tid three times a day
TLC total lung capacity
TLV total lung volume
TM tympanic membrane
TMJ temporomandibular joint
TPA tissue plasminogen activator
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
TSH thyroid-stimulating hormone
TST treadmill stress test
TURBT transurethral resection of bladder tumor
TURP transurethral resection of prostate
UA urinalysis
UCR usual, customary, and reasonable-third-party payers' assessment of the reimbursement for health care services: usual, that which would ordinarily be charged for the service; customary, the cost of the service in that locale
UPJ ureteropelvic junction
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
V/Q ventilation/perfusion scan
VBAC vaginal birth after cesarean
WBC white blood cell count
UACDS Uniform Ambulatory Care Data Set
UHDDS Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set
DEEDS Data Elements for Emergency Department Systems
EMEDS Expeditionary Medical Support
Created by: Laura Duncan