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Exam 1 Review

Chapters 1 & 2

Wellness Optimal health and vitality. (Determined/Influenced by decisions YOU MAKE to control risk factors.
Health The overall condition of a person's body or mind; complete physical, mental, social, and spiritual well-being. (Determined/Influenced by factors OUT OF YOUR CONTROL: genes, age, and family history)
Dimensions of Wellness Physical, Emotional, Intellectual, Social, Spiritual, Environmental, etc.
The 3 factors that affect change Predisposing, Enabling, Reinforcing
Predisposing Factor Existing: age, beliefs, experiences
Enabling Factor What's available to you: skills, abilities, knowledge
Reinforcing Factor Encourage/Discourage; Internal/External
Stages of Change Model 1. Pre-Contemplation, 2. Contemplation, 3. Preparation, 4. Action, 5. Maintenance, 6. Termination
Pre-Contemplation Causes & Consequences (No intention of changing)
Contemplation Self-reevaluation. (6 months before preparation)
Preparation Commitment. (Write a contract)
Action Seeking out using social support/Behavior substitutes.
Maintenance Environment control. (Maintain Action phase for 6 months)
Termination Not tied to any particular stage.
SMART Goals: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, Timed
4 main components of the health belief model 1. Perceived susceptibility, 2. Perceived seriousness of consequences, 3. Perceived benefits of specific action, 4.Perceived barriers to taking action
Relapse Backslide into a former health state
Self-efficacy Internal state in which you feel competent to perform a specific task
Healthy People 2020 A group of people that encourages healthy decisions and lifestyles. Abolish unhealthy habbits
Factors associated with Motivation 1. Locus of Control, 2. Self-efficacy, 3. Goal Setting, 4. Decisional Balance
Locus of Control (Motivation) Internal/External
Self-efficacy (Motivation) Feeling of being "In Control"
Goal Setting (Motivation) SMART goals
Decisional Balance (Motivation) (Pros & Cons)
Spirituality The experience of connectedness; Provides a sense of purpose and meaning
The 4 main components of wellness that impact quality of life. Physical, Mental, Spiritual, & Social
Spirituality and its relationship to healthy lifestyles People who are more spiritually active tend to live healthier lifestyles
Stressor Any physical or psychological even or condition that produces stress.
Stress Response Is the physiological changes associated with stress.
Stress Is the collective physiological and emotional responses to any stimulus that disturbs an individual's homeostasis.
The 2 systems that aid in coping with stress. Nervous System & Endocrine System.
Nervous System Sympathetic Division & Parasympathetic Division
Sympathetic Division Reacts to danger or other challenges by accelerating body processes. (Engages the "Fight of Flight" reaction)
Parasympathetic Division Moderates the excitatory effect of the sympathetic division by slowing things down.
GAS General Adaptation Syndrome
Stages of General Adaptation Syndrome 1. Alarmed Stage, 2. Resistant Stage, 3. Exhaustion Stage
Responses associated with stress Emotional, Behavior/Physical
Factors associated with stress Personality, Gender, Cognitive Patterns, Past Experiences, Resilience/Coping Styles
Eustress Pleasant stressor
Distress Unpleasant stressor
Allostatic Load Long-term wear and tear of stress response
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs 1. Physiological needs, 2. Safety & Security, 3. Love & Belongingness, 4. Self-esteem, 5. Self-actualization
Psychiatric disorders associated with suicide Depression, bipolar disorder, drug/alcohol abuse & dependence, schizophrenia
Different types of mental disorders Mood, Anxiety, Addiction
Mental Disorder A pattern of behavior associated with distress or disability or with significantly increased risk of suffering, death, pain, disability, or loss of freedom
How do you calculate BMI Weight/Height
Healthy BMI 18.5 - 24.9
Overweight BMI 25 - 29.9
Obese BMI 30 - 39.9
Morbidly Obese BMI > 40
The 2 key components related to Obesity Ghrelin & Leptin
Ghrelin Increases feeling of hunger
Leptin Suppresses appetite
Diabetes Chronic disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood.
What role does the pancreas play? Releases insulin to direct glucose
What role does insulin play? Controls blood sugar
The 3 Types of Diabetes Type I, Type II, Type III
Type I Diabetes Diagnosed during childhood
Type II Diabetes Develops over time
Type III Diabetes Develops during pregnancy
Symptoms of Diabetes Rapid weight loss/gain, fatigue, increased urination/thirst
Created by: klein-andrew