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Nutrition Unit:)

What is nutrition? The process of taking in food and using it for energy, growth, and good health.
WHAT or WHO influencces your food choices? Personal tastes, food's appearance, family, friends, culture, food's smell, geography, advertising, cost, and convenience.
What are nutrients? Substances in foods that your body needs in order to grow, have energy, and stay healthy.
What are carbohydrates? Example? *Starches and sugars that provide energy. EX: rice, pasta, bread
What are proteins? Example? *Nutrients used to repair body cells and tissues. EX: meat, dairy products, eggs.
What are fats? Example? *Nutrients that supply energy, keep the skin healthy, and promote normal growth. EX: butter, oil, sweets
What are vitamins? Example? *Substances that help regulate the body's functions, produce energy, and fight infection. EX: A, B, C, D, E, K
What are minerals? Example? *Nutrients that strengthen bones and teeth, keep blood healthy, and keep your heart and other organs working properly. EX: cacium, iron, potassium
What does water help you with? How many glasses should you drink a day? Water helps digestion, carries nutrients, removes wastes, and regulates body temperature. Drink 8-10 glasses a day.
What are the 6 major nutrients? carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.
What are 4 ways to eat healthy? Eating regular meals, watching portion size, limiting intake of fats, and aiming to achieve balance over time.
What is the digestive system? The body system that breaks down food into nutrients that can be used by the body.
Where does digestion start? End? Go between? Digestion starts at the mouth, then does to the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, liver, and pancreas. It end with the large intestine.
What is the excretory system? The body system that removes liquid waste.
What are the stuctures associated with the excretory system? Kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra.
What are some factors that determine your weight? height, age, gender, heredity, growth pattern
What are some diseases you can get as a result of being underweight or overweight? diabetes, heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis
What are eating disorders? Extreme eating behaviors that can lead to serious illness or even death
What is anorexia nervosa? When a person has an intense fear of weight gain and starves themselves.
What is Bulimia? When a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food, and then purges.
What is Binge Eating? When a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food at a time.
What are some side effects of eating disorders? Heart problems, kidney failure, bone loss, dehydration, irregular heart beat, colon and kidney damage, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, death
What are some healthy tips for managing your weight? *Eating sensibly *choosing lean meats, low-fat dairy, food that is steamed and baked instead of fried *Watching portion size *Eating slowly and chewing food well. *Eating at regular times. *Staying Active *No more than 1 LB a week for weight loss.
Created by: Katrina1212