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Health Unit 6

Family life

* be able to Identify the parts of a male and female reproductive system on diagram
List and describe the 3 phases of the menstrual cycle 1) menstruation: endometrium sheds 2) After menstruation: endometrium rebuilds and on last day ovulation happens 2) Before menstruation: if egg fertilized it travels to uterus or if no egg fertilized endometrium starts shedding again
Explain path of sperm and egg steps 1-3 1) Sperm created in testes -> epididymis 2) Egg released into fallopian tube by ovulation 3) sperm-> vas deferens ->around bladder --> added to semen by seminal vesical--> urethra --> thru prostate -> down penis -> into vagina
Explain path of sperm and egg steps 4-7 4) sperm --> thru cervix -> up uterus down fallopian tube 5) sperm and egg unite = fertilization, then called zygote 6) Cell division happens --> blastocyte 7) implantation in uterine wall --> embryo
Where does the fertilized egg implant and receive nourishment to grow? uterine wall, nourished by placenta thru umbilical chord
name male and female sex hormones + where they are created Testosterone in testicles, estrogen and progesterone in ovaries
List common STDs and their pathogens HPV (virus), HIV (virus), genital herpes (virus), chlamydia (bacteria), gonorrhea (bacteria), Syphilis (bacteria), pubic lice (parasite)
What STD may lead to liver cancer? Cervical cancer? Hepatitis B, HPV
what are the common symptoms of genital herpes? blisters around mouth/genitals
4 body fluids that can transmit HIV blood, vaginal fluid, semen, breast milk
What effect does HIV have on T cells? Kills them so they can't activate immune system
How can HIV affect pregnancy? mother can pass it to baby thru bloodstream or delivery
Identify the 4 stages of HIV and the symptoms of each 1) Asymptomatic (none) 2) Middle (fever, headache) 3) Symptomatic (symptoms worsen, T cell count goes down) 3) AIDS (lung disease, pneumonia)
At what age should females begin to get pelvic exams? 18
How often should males perform self testicular exams? monthly
Main barrier contraceptive methods and how they can lose effectiveness Condom, Diaphragm, cervical cap, spermicide can break, slip, spermicide can wear off over time
Main Hormonal contraceptive methods and how they work Birth control pill, contraceptive injection; have estrogen and progesterone that stops ovulation + thickens cervical mucous which blocks sperm
how can hormonal contraceptives lose their effectiveness? if not taken everyday/regularly
Main surgical contraceptive methods and how they work vasectomy= vas deferencs cut to stop testicles from sending sperm Tubal ligation = cuts in fallopian tube made to prevent eggs from entering uterus
List what happens at each stage of labor 1) Contractions 2) birth 3) placenta delivery
Created by: mhaq.16