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Health Unit 2

Physical Fitness

QuestionAnswer
Define physical fitness ability to carry out daily tasks easily + have E leftover for unexpected demands
List 1 benefit of physical fitness for physical health, mental/emotional, social Physical = lower risk of disease Mental/Emotional= higher self-esteem social = more social interaction
List the 5 elements of physical fitness Cardiorespiratory Endurance, Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Flexibility, Body Composition
Define Cardiorespiratory Endurance. How is it measured? List one exercise that can improve it. c.r system's ability to convert food into energy, step test, running
Define muscular endurance. How is it measured? List one exercise that can improve it. muscles' ability to perform long tasks w/out getting tired, pushups, pushups
Define muscular strength. How is it measured? List one exercise that can improve it. amount of force muscles can exert, lifting weights, lifting weights
Define flexibility. How is it measured? List one exercise that can improve it. ability to move body part through full range of motion, sit and reach test, dancing
Define body composition. How is it measured? List one exercise that can improve it. ratio body fat to tissue, skin fold calipers, running
what lifestyle diseases can a sedentary lifestyle lead to? cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancer
how is BMI calculated? Body mass index, height to weight ratio
Define obesity, overweight, and overfat obesity = high BMI and/or hi fat percentage overweight = high BMI overfat = hi fat percentage
How many calories are in 1 pound? 3500
what type of exercise can lower resting heart rate? aerobic exercises
Define the 3 principles of exercise plan Overload = working the body harder than it is normally worked, progression = increase in overload, specificity = choosing right type of exercise
What is the FITT principle? what is it used for? F= frequency I= intensity T=time T=type, used to plan exercise
Consequences of not staying hydrated while exercising? cramping, dizziness, heatstroke
What is RICE? what is it used for? method of treating minor injuries R=rest I= ice C=compression E= elevation
What are anabolic steroids? drugs people use to increase muscle size, strength, endurance, speed
What are 3 side effects of anabolic steroids? facial hair, roid rage, high blood pressure
Created by: mhaq.16