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Skeletal & Muscle

What is a joint? Give an example A place where two or more bones come together. Ball & socket Hinge Pivot Gliding Immovable
What is cartilage? Tough supportive tissue, more flexible than bone.
What is ossification? The process that makes bones hard during young adulthood.
What types of marrow are there and what do they do? Red - Produces 100 million blood cells everyday Yellow - stores fat
What is a ligament? Fibrous bands that hold bones together.
What is osteoporosis? When bones become brittle and break easily
Describe a fracture A break in the bone
Describe a dislocation When the end of a bone in a joint is forced out of place
What is scoliosis? Abnormal curvature of the spine
What type of joint are the elbow and the knee? Hinge
Where is the humerus located? upper arm
Where is the femur located? upper leg
Describe the function of smooth muscle? provide a example Involuntary muscle that causes movement within the body. Example - pushing food through the digestive system. example - help circulate blood
Describe the function of Cardiac Muscle? Involuntary muscle found only in heart, allows your heart to beat and pump blood through your body
Describe the function of skeletal muscle? Voluntary muscle that attaches to your skeleton ,allows you move and do activities
What is a tendon? Thick strand of tissue that attaches muscle to bone.
What is muscle tone? Slight tension and contraction of a muscle
Describe atrophy? Muscle becomes weak and shrunken from inactivity.
What is an anabolic steroid? Artificial form of the male hormone
Another term for a muscle strain? A pulled muscle
What is tendinitis? Irritation, inflammation of a tendon due to overuse
An overstretched or torn ligament is called what? Sprain
What is the main purpose of a warm up and cool down? Prevent injury
What is flexibility? the ability to move joint through a full range of motion.
Explain the difference between muscle endurance and muscle strength? Muscle Strength is the amount of force/power put out. Muscle Endurance is the duration your muscles can effectively produce action.
Created by: alexball