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Heath ECA review 7

Heath ECA semester review Shau DMS7

QuestionAnswer
gental exercises that get the heart muscles ready for moderate-to-vigurios activity warm-up
gental exercises that let the body adjust to ending a workout cool-down
the number of days you work out each week frequency
how much energy you use when you work out intensity
the number of heartbeats per minute that you should aim for during moderate-to-vigurios aerobic activity to help your circulatory system the most target heart rate
substances in foods that your body needs to grow, have energy, and stay healthy nutrients
the starches and sugars found in foods Carbohydrates
a complex carbohydrate that the body cannot break down or use for energy fiber
the nutrient group used to build and repair cells proteins
fats that are usually solid at room temperature saturated fats
nutrients that promote normal growth, give you energy, and keep your skin healthy fats
fats that are usually liquid at room temperature unsaturated fats
the waxy, fat-like substance that the body uses to build cells and make other substances cholesterol
a kind of fat that is formed when hydrogen oil during processing trans fatty acids
compounds that help to regulate body processes Vitamins
substances the body uses to form healthy bones and teeth, keep blood healthy, and keep the heart and other organs working properly Minerals
avoid too much adder sugar and _____________ salt
avoid too much added __________ and ______________ sugar and salt
avoid too much added ___________ and salt sugar
extreme eating behaviors that can lead to serious Illinois or even death eating disorders
an eating disorder disorder in which a person strongly fears gaining weight and starves him or herself anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which a person repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then purges bulimia nervosa
a disorder in which a person repeatedly eats too much food at one time binge eating
the way you view yourself overall self- concept
how you feel about yourself self-esteem
having a positive attitude about the future optimistic
belief in your ability to do what you set out to do confidence
illnesses that affect a person's thoughts, feelings, and behavior Mental and emotional disorders
extreme fears of real or imaginary situations that get in the way of normal activities anxiety disorder
I have chapter 5 lesson 5 on another stack, check is out!!!
a disagreement between people with opposing viewpoints, interests, or needs. conflict
a negative and unjustly formed opinion, can also cause conflict. Prejudice
Disagreement, Strong emotions, Body language and behavior are all ways for Recognizing Signs of Conflict
the process of been bullied, but I have talking directly to the other person to resolve a conflict. Negotiation
when both sides in a conflict agree to give up something to reach a solution that will satisfy everyone compromise
work together collaborate
Take a time-out of at least 30 minutes. Allow each person to tell his or her side uninterrupted. Let each person ask questions. Keep brainstorming to find a good solution. The TALK solution
is resolving conflicts by using another person or per- sons to help reach a solution that is acceptable to both sides Mediation
a promise not to take sides. neutrality
the organs that supply your blood with oxygen. respiratory system
a passageway in your throat that takes air into and out of your lungs trachea
a flap of tissue in the back of your mouth that keeps food out of your trachea epiglottis
two passageways that branch from the trachea, one to each lung. bronchi
two large organs that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. lungs
a large, dome- shaped muscle below the lungs that expands and compresses the lungs, enabling breathing. diaphragm
Nose, Mouth, Trachea, Lungs, Epiglottis, Bronchi, Diaphragm parts of the respiratory system
you inhale, or breathe in air, oxygen from the air passes out of your lungs and into your blood, you exhale, or breathe out air, step one- Inhaling, step 2- Inside Your Lungs, and step 3- Exhaling the Breathing process, Three processes happen in your body when you breathe
Asthma, Cold/Flu, Emphysema, Lung Cancer, Mouth and Tongue Cancer, Pneumonia, and Tuberculosis DISEASES AND DISORDERS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
the uncon- trolled growth of cells, trolled growth of cells. Cancer can spread from one part of the body to another and attack healthy tissues and organs cancer
Avoid tobacco use, Drink plenty of fluids, Take care of your body when your sick, Eat a healthful diet, Be physically active on a regular basis, and Get outside and breathe in full deep breaths of air Tips for Taking Care of Your Respiratory System
air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke Secondhand smoke
nonsmokers who breathe in secondhand smoke. Passive smokers
the smoke that is inhaled and then exhaled by a smoker. mainstream smoke
smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar. sidestream smoke
You have the right to breathe air that is free of tobacco smoke. Rights of Nonsmokers
a drug created by a chemical reaction in some foods, especially fruits and grains. Alcohol
beer, wine, and liquor three main forms of alcohol
12-ounce bottle of ___________ contains about the same amount of alcohol as a 5-ounce glass of ____________ or 1.5 ounces of ___________ beer, wine, and liquor
being drunk intoxicated
the amount of alcohol in the blood blood alcohol concentration, or BAC
size and gender, Food in the stomach, How fast a person drinks, Other substances in the body the factors of DIFFERENT EFFECTS ON DIFFERENT PEOPLE
Brain, Heart, Liver, Kidneys, Blood Vessels, Stomach Alcohol has both short- and long-term effects on body systems.
alcohol use can cause cirrho- sis of the liver and ulcers in the stomach. Long-Term Effects of Alcohol Use
he scarring and destruction of liver tissue. cirrhosis
an open sore in the stomach lining ulcer
using alcohol in ways that are unhealthy, illegal, or both Alcohol abuse
a disease in which a person has a physical and psychological need for alcohol. Alcoholism
One reason is curiosity. Another is that they think it will make them more popular. Some teens think that alcohol use makes them feel relaxed or more grown-up, some do it to feel some relief from pain- ful emotions that they don’t know how to handle. Why Some Teens Use Alcohol
television commercials or movies, using alcohol is often made to look fun and exciting. You have likely seen a commercial for some type of alcoholic drink. Alcohol in the Media
the consumption of several alcoholic drinks in a short period of time Binge drinking
Teens’ bodies are still growing and their brains are still developing. ____________ can greatly harm the body and damage the brain. Alcohol
Some teens may try __________, thinking it will help them deal with emotional changes. alcohol
a person under the age of adult rights and responsibilities. minor
a substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body or mind. drug
found on the shelves of local pharmacy or grocery stores. “over-the-counter”
You need to be careful about using _________drugs, including the ones prescribed by your doctor. all
taking or using medi- cine in a way that is not intended. Drug misuse
intentionally using drugs in a way that is unhealth- ful or illegal Drug abuse
_________ are especially dangerous for teens because their bodies are still growing and developing. Drugs
Many drug users feel like they can’t stop taking drugs, a dependency on a chemical substance that is very difficult and painful to quit. Drug Addiction
a drug that prevents or cures an illness or eases its symptoms medicine
a medicine that can be obtained legally only with a doctor’s written prescription medicine
a person trained to prepare and distribute medicines. pharmacist
a medicine that you can buy without a doctor’s permission over-the-counter (OTC) medicine
Prevent disease, Relieve pain, Kill germs, Treat conditions and diseases WHAT MEDICINES DO
a reaction to a medicine other than the one intended. side effect
If _____________, medicine can be as harmful as illegal drugs misused or abused
a disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy. diabetes
a protein made in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood. Insulin
The __________ main types of diabetes are known as _________ and ____________ diabetes. two; type 1; type 2
the body’s immune system attacks and kills the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. Without insulin, the body cannot control how much glucose is in the bloodstream. type 1 diabetes
he body doesn’t make enough insulin or the body’s cells can’t effectively use the insulin that is produced. type 2 diabetes
Healthful eating plan, Insulin, Weight Management, and Medical care ways to Manage DIABETES
a disease of the joints marked by painful swelling and stiffness Arthritis
a chronic disease that is com- mon in older adults and results from a breakdown in cartilage in the joints Osteoarthritis
a chronic disease characterized by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis
Physical activity and rest, Maintain a healthy weight, Joint protection, Heat and cold treatments, Medication, Massage, Surgery and joint replacement, solutions for Managing Arthritis
Created by: 900911