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Chapter 10 Digestion

Ball digestion

What are the three main functions of the digestive system? 1. Digestion 2. Absorption 3. Elemination
what is the definition of digestion? The process by which the digestive system breaks down food into molecules that the body can use.
What is the process by which nutrients pass through the lining of your digestive system into your blood? Absorption
What is the junction between the digestive tract and the respiratory system is the? Pharynx
What is the muscular tube that connects the pharynx to the stomach called? Esophagus
What are the waves of muscle contractions that continue to push food through the rest of the digestive system called? Peristalsis
What is the structure that produces bile and breaks up large fat droplets? Liver
Which organ stores and releases bile? Gallbladder
Foods high in this complex carbohydrate helps move food through the intestines? Fiber
The lungs remove what toxin from the body? Carbon Dioxide
What are substances that speed up chemical reactions in the body? Enzymes
During this progress food is physically broken up into smaller pieces? Mechanical digestion
The flap of tissue that seals off the trachea, preventing food and liquid from entering the lungs? Epiglottis
The lining of the small intestine is covered with millions of tiny finger like projections that collect nutrients are called? Villi
What is the thick liquid that leaves the stomach and enters the small intestines called? Chyme
What are the pebble like masses of salt and calcium that form in the kidneys? Kidney stones
Define Excretion? The process by which the body collects and removes waste.
A burning sensation in the chest and a sour taste are symptoms of what digestive issue? Heartburn
Most common foodborne illnesses are caused by what? Bacteria and viruses
Define Nephrons? Millions of Tiny filtering units that remove wastes and produce urine in the kidneys
Name the cluster of tiny blood vessels in a nephron? Glomerulus
What are the major organs of excretion? Kidneys
The watery fluid produced by the kidneys that contains urea and other wastes is called? Urine
What are these the symptoms of: Frequent, painful urination and blood in the urine. Urinary tract infection
Explain the roll of the Small Intestine. Most of the chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients happens here.
Explain the roll of the Large Intestine. 1. Remaining water is absorbed into the blood. 2. Waste material is pushed through to the rectum. 3. Production and absorption of vitamins occurs.
What are the 4 main structures of the excretory system. 1. Kidneys 2. Ureters 3. Bladder 4. Urethra
What is the best way to dilute the waste substances filtered by your kidneys and to maintain a healthy excretion system Drink Water
Pain near the navel that spreads, along with nausea, diarrhea, and fever are symptoms of what condition? Appendicitis
IF glucose is present in the urine, it may be a sign that a person has this condition? Diabetes
Created by: alexball