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inorganic compound minerals
help regulate body process, stored and used in different ways in your body minerals
need in small amount trace minerals
need in larger amounts macro/major minerals
minerals that have a charge to them negative or positive electrolytes
works closesly with chloride and sodium potassium
regulates the flow of fluid and minerals in and out of the bodies cells potassium
transmitts nerve impulses, helps to convert blood sugar to glycogen potassium
dietary sources: bananas,apricots,citrus,spinach,and potatoes potassium
mostly found outside of the cells and other body fluids, passes through the membrane of the cells through asmosis,imbalance= cell to swell sodium
normal% of sodium, normal saline 0.9%
helps regulate movement of body fluids,helps relax muscles,transmits nerve impulses,regulates b.p sodium
thirst,dry skin, dizziness,muscle cramps signs of dehydration
dietary sources: table salt,milk,seafood sodium
works with potassium and sodium, componet of stomach acid help with digestion of food chloride
needed for greater than 300 body enzymes,maintains normal nerve impulses and muslce functions,keeps heart rythym steady,keeps bones strong,energy metabolism and protein production magnesium
chemicals that regulate many body function enzymes
dietary sources: whole grains,nuts,legumes,avacados,wheat germ,and green vegies magnesium
2nd to calcium in terms of abundance in the body,contributes to stucture of bones and teeth,generates energy in every cell in the body phosphorus
regulates conversion of dietary carbs,proteins, and fats to energy.,helps activate b vitamins,soft drinks conatin as much as 500mg of phosphoric acid phosphorus
to much can decrease levels of calcium in the body, it will displace clacium in the bones phosphorus
spongy,brittle bones cause by to much phosphorus is osteoporosis
most abundant mineral in the body,primary function-helps build and mainatin bones/teeth,needed for blood clotting,muslce contraction,heart beat, regulate b.p calcium
works with vitamin d,phosphorus, and flouride calcium
99% of this is in bones and 1% in body fluids calcium
dietary sources: dairy,green leafy vegies,broccoli,and fish calcium
oxygen transport in blood iron
18mg/per day iron
not enough iron anemia
selenuim and zinc antioxidants
dietary sources: liver,poultry,legumes, and dark green vegies iron
pale,tired,heart rate will increase, increased respirations signs of anemia
apples,broccoli,green and red peppers,cantaloupe,spinach,carrots,tomatoes,raspberries,onions,grapes,strawberries,kale,brussels sprouts,blueberries,sweet potatoes,cabbage,raisins, and oranges all stars
you can survive almost 6 weeks without food but only ____ without water 1 week
most abundant substances in your body,nutrient your body needs in graestest amount water
______ of your body is weight is water 55-75%
___ of your body is water 83%
____ of muscle is water 73%
____ of fat is water 25%
____ of bones is water 22%
regulates body temp.-through perspiration,transports nutrients and oxygen through the body,carries waste products out of the body body and cells,cushions joints water
proetcts our body organs,it is the solution in which all other nutrients are dissolved,shock absorber inside your eyes and spinal cord water
moistens body tissue in your eyes,mouth,and nose. vital to digestion. water
normal body temp. will go up to 102,losing fluids by perspiring,vomitting,diahreria flu
united states department of agriculture usda
dietary approach to stop hypertension dash eating plan
hypertension high blood pressure
reduce overall fat,increase fruits,vegies,and low fat dairy foods.increase fiber by including whole grains,restriction of sodium,increase magnesium,potassium,and calcium rules for dash
normal b.p 120/80
where is blood pressure measured artery
greatest amount of pressure systolic
least amount of pressure diastolic
1 cup of food closed fist
3oz. serving of meat palm of hand or deck of cards
1oz. of cheese size of thumb
1 medium potato computer mouse
2tbs of peanut butter golf ball
unit of heat that measures energy calorie
energy input must be equal to energy output for body weight to remain constant energy balance
1 pound of body weight equals____calories of stored energy 3,500
sit most of the day sedentary
eating out alot,automobile focused,less activity in daily life,availability of high calories,quick food.,energy saving tools factors of overweight and obesity
less activity in workplace,sedentary leisure-time activites,food emphasis at gatherings,stress eating,no physical education class,increased protion size,advertising factors of overweight and obesity
weight times activity levels= calories needed daily
basal metabolic rate bmr
gender,musculature,age,body size,nutritional status,activity level,genetics factors that affect bmr
energy expended even at rest,to substain vital functions of the body,such as brain activites,organ functions and temp. bmr
fat cells=adipose cells/tissue fat cell theory
exercise through normal play,dont put a child on a deprivation diet,use growth and play to burn calories prevent childhood obesity
Created by: 1997sjcc2015