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Living Language 11

Respiratory

QuestionAnswer
alveoli microscopic air sacs located in clusters at the end of each of the smallest bronchioles.
glottis the opening between the vocal cords and the larynx
larynx the short passageway between the pharynx and the trachea
pharynx the muscular tube commonly known as the throat
hypercapnia abnormally high levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
hypocapnia abnormally low levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
expectoration the process of ejecting sputum from the mouth or airways by coughing or spitting.
hemoptysis the expectoration of blood that arises from the larynx, trachea, bronchi or lungs commonly called coughing up blood
anoxia an absence of oxygen in body tissue
hypoxemia abnormally low levels of oxygen in arterial blood
hypoxia abnormally low levels of oxygen in body tissues
dyspnea difficult breathing that may occur after exercise.......
orthopnea the inability to breath easily unless one is sitting up straight or standing erect.
eupnea normal respiratory rate and rythym
tachypnea an abnormally rapid rate of breathing
thoracalgia chest pain
aphonia the loss of speech sounds from the larynx
dysphonia difficulty in speaking such as hoarseness
euphonia the condition of having a normal clear voice
anosmia the lack of a sense of smell, either temporary or permanent, depending on the cause.
apnea a temporary cessation of breathing
Cheyne-Stokes respiration abnormal breathing seen especially in a comatose patients that consists of a period of apnea
diptheria highly contagious bacterial infection of the mucosa of the nose and throat,causing a thick gray coating on the throat that makes breathing dificult
pertussis a highly contagious bacterial infection that causes uncontrollable, violent coughing. Common name whooping cough
tuberculosis the leading cause of death in bacterial infectious disease.Attack the lungs
cystic fibrosis a congenital, inherited disease that causes exocrine glands to malfunction
croup an acute viral infection, resulting in inflammation of the larynx and trachea. Usually occurs in early childhood
laryngitis an inflammation of the voice box due to over overuse, irritation or viral infection
pharyngitis inflammation of the mucosa of the throat,usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.Common call sore throat
rhinitis inflammation of the mucosa membrane of the nose marked by nasal congestion and sneezing
acute rhinitis inflammation of the mucosa membrane of the nose marked by nasal congstion, rhinorrhea, and sneezing. Common cold
allergic rhinitis inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose marked by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, sneezing and itching, watery eyes.
rhinorrhea watery mucous discharge from the nose, especially with allergies
sinusitis inflammation of the mucous lining of one or more air filled sacks.
Created by: 100000851146080