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HOPE Sement 2 Vocab.

HOPE Segment 2 Vocab.

QuestionAnswer
Ethical behavior Acts according to accepted standards of conduct.
Stereotypes Generalizations or assumptions people make about the characteristics of all members of a group, based on an image of what people in that group are like.
Discrimination When a person suffers unfavorable or unfair treatment due to their personal characteristics.
Camaraderie Goodwill and lighthearted rapport between or among friends.
Vegetarians People who choose not to include certain forms of animal products in their diet.
Diet The food and beverage a person consumes.
Nutrition The study and science of how the body uses food.
Health A state of physical, mental, and social well-being.
Nutrients The building blocks for growth, repair, and proper body function.
Digestion The breaking down of a food into a form usable by the body.
Macro-nutrients Nutrients required in large quantities.
Micronutrients Nutrients required in smaller quantities.
Body composition The components of the body including muscles, bones, tissues, organs, fluids, and fat.
Hypertension High blood pressure.
Osteoarthritis Degeneration of cartilage and the bone within a joint.
Hydrostatic weighing A method to measure body composition that involves weighing a person while completely submerged in water.
Calories A unit that measures the energy in food and the energy one’s body uses.
Sedentary Not physically active.
Caloric input The calories you consume through food.
Caloric output The calories you expend through bodily functions and physical activity.
Whole grain Foods containing all the nutrients that the whole grain has.
Translucent Allowing light to pass through, but not allowing objects on the other side to be seen clearly.
Dehydration When a person loses more fluids than he or she takes in.
Community A group of people who are linked by social ties or geography.
Influence A power to affect persons or events.
Heredity The passing of traits from parent to offspring
Wellness The condition of good physical and mental health, especially when maintained by proper diet, exercise, habits and healthy social relationships.
Peers Persons of equal social standing, rank, age, etc.
Culture The behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group.
Values Important principles or beliefs that influence our choices.
“Gut reaction” A personal, intuitive feeling or response.
Communicable diseases Infectious diseases that can be transmitted from one person to another.
Sexual activity Participating in sexual behavior including oral, vaginal, and anal intercourse.
Sexually transmitted infections A whole group of infections and viruses that are spread through intimate contact.
Sexual abstinence The decision to refrain from sexual behavior.
Contraception Methods used to prevent pregnancy.
Addiction : Physical and/or psychological need for a substance.
Abuse : Intentional inappropriate use of drugs, repeatedly and willfully using a drug in a way other than prescribed or socially acceptable.
Prescription drugs drugs you can only get with a prescription from a doctor.
Over-the-counter drugs : drugs you can buy at a store without a prescription.
Eradicate to eliminate or destroy.
Advocate a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea.
Kudos : praise
Assess to measure and evaluate.
Contortionist one who twists his or her body into unusual positions
Resistance a force that opposes motion
Joints where two bones come together, different types of joints allow for different types of movement.
Muscular strength : the ability of a muscle group to apply a maximal force against a resistance one time.
Muscular endurance the ability to repeat muscle movement over a period of time.
Resistance a force that opposes motion.
Body alignment the position of body parts in relation to one another.
Created by: cmeloy