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"Where, Why & What?"

Chap. 2 Terms

QuestionAnswer
VENTRAL THE BELLY OR UNDERSIDE OF A BODY OR BODY PART
DORSAL REFERS TO THE BACK (A DORSAL FIN IS ON THE BACK)
CRANIAL TOWARDS THE HEAD
CAUDAL TOWARDS THE TAIL
ANTERIOR MEANS FRONT OF THE BODY
POSTERIOR MEANS REAR OF THE BODY
ROSTRAL TOWARDS THE NOSE
CEPHALIC PERTAINING TO THE HEAD
MEDIAL TOWARDS THE MIDLINE
LATERAL AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE
SUPERIOR UPPERMOST, ABOVE
INFERIOR LOWERMOST, BELOW
PROXIMAL NEAREST THE MIDLINE OR NEAREST THE BEGINNING OF THE STRUCTURE
DISTAL FARTHEST FROM THE MIDLINE OR FARTHEST FROM THE BEGINNING OF A STRUCTURE
SUPERFICIAL NEAR THE SURFACE (ALSO CALLED EXTERNAL)
DEEP BENEATH THE SURFACE
PALMAR THE CAUDAL SURFACE OF THE FRONT PAW (THE PALM)
PLANTAR THE CAUDAL SURFACE OF THE BACK PAW (THE SOLE)
MIDSAGITTAL PLANE (ALSO CALLED MEDIAN PLANE AND MIDLINE) THE PLANE THAT DIVIDES THE BODY INTO EQUAL R&L HALVES
SAGITTAL PLANE THE PLANE THAT DIVIDES THE BODY INTO UNEQUAL R&L PARTS
DORSAL PLANE DIVIDES THE BODY INTO DORSAL(BACK) AND VENTRAL(FRONT) PLANES
TRANSVERSE PLANE DIVIDES THE BODY INTO CRANIAL AND CAUDAL PARTS
-LOGY SUFFIX MEANING THE STUDY OF
ANATOMY STUDY OF BODY STRUCTURE
PHYSIOLOGY STUDY OF BODY FUNCTION
PATHOLOGY STUDY OF ABNORMAL CONDITIONS (DISEASE)
ETIOLOGY THE STUDY OF THE CAUSES OF DISEASE
BODY CAVITY A HOLE OR HOLLOW SPACE IN THE BODY THAT CONTAINS ORGANS
CRANIAL CAVITY CONTAINS THE BRAIN
SPINAL CAVITY CONTAINS THE SPINAL CORD WITHIN THE SPINAL COLUMN
THORACIC CAVITY CONTAINS HEART,LUNGS, RIBS
ABDOMINAL CAVITY (ALSO CALLED PERITONEAL CAVITY) CONTAINS ORGANS FOR DIGESTION
PELVIC CAVITY CONTAINS REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS & SOME EXCRETORY ORGANS
RECUMBANT MEDICAL TERM FOR LYING DOWN
DORSAL RECUMBANCY (also called supine) LYING ON THE BACK
VENTRAL RECUMBANCY (also called sternal or prone position) LYING ON THE BELLY (STERNAL RECUMBANCY)
what is the dental arcade? how the teeth are arranged in the mouth
aspect of the tooth that faces the tongue lingual surface
what is the maxilla upper jaw
what is the mandible lower jaw
which aspect of the toothfaces the cheek? buccal surface
what are the aspects of the teeth that meet when you chew occlusal surface
left lateral recumbancy animal is lying down on its left side
right lateral recumbancy animal is lying down on its right side
what is adduction movement toward the midline
what is abduction movement away from the midline
what is flexion reducing of the angle between 2 bones
what is extension straightening of a joint or an increase in the angle between 2 bones
combining form for cell cyt/o
cytology the study of cells
-PLASM suffix for formative material of cells
genetic pertains to genes
genetic disorder any inherited disease or condition caused by defective genes
congenital something that is present at birth
congenital defect something faulty that is present at birth
anomaly deviation from normal
better word to use than defect is? anomaly
study of tissue is called histology
adip/o combining form for fat
anaplasia a change in the structure of cells and their orienttion to each other
aplasia lack of development of an organ or a tissue or a cell
dysplasia abnormal growth or development of an organ/tissue/cell
hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of normal cells
hypoplasia incomplete or less than normal development of an organ/tissue/cell
neoplasia any abnormal new growth of tissue in which multiplication of cells is uncontrolled, more rapid than normal, and progressive
benign tumor not recurring
malignant tumor tending to spread & be life threatening
-oma suffix meaning tumor or neoplasm
atrophy decrease in size or complete wasting of an organ/tissue or cell
dystrophy defective growth in the size of an organ/tissue/cell
hypertrophy increase in the size of an organ/tissue/cell
aden/o combining form for gland
exocrine glands secrete their chemicals into ducts that lead to of the body or to other organs
endocrine glands secrete their chemical substances directly into the bloodstream
oste/o oss/e oss/i combining form for bones
arthr/o combining form for joints
chondr/o combining form for cartilage
my/o combining form for muscles
fasc/i or fasci/o combining form for fascia
ten/o or tend/o or tendin/o combining form for tendons
cardi/o combining form for heart
arteri/o combining form for arteries
ven/o or phleb/o combining form for veins
hem/o or hemat/o combining form for blood
lymph/o combining form for lymph vessels, lymph fluid and lymph nodes
tonsill/o combining form for tonsils
splen/o combining form for spleen
thym/o combining form for thymus
nas/o or rhin/o combining form for nose
pharyng/o combining form for pharynx
trache/o combining form for trachea
laryng/o combining form for larynx
pneum/o or pneumon/o combining form for lungs
or/o or stomat/o combining form for mouth
esophag/o combining form for esophagus
gastr/o combining form for stomach
enter/o combining form for small intestines
col/o or colon/o combining form for large intestines
hepat/o combining form for liver
pancreat/o combining form for pancreas
ren/o or nephr/o combining form for kidneys
ureter/o combining form for ureters
cyst/o combining form for bladder
urethro/o combining form for urethra
neur/o or neur/i combining form for nerves
myel/o combining form for spinal cord
ophthalm/o or ocul/o combining form for eyes
optic/o combining form for sight
ot/o or aur/i or aur/o or audit/o or aud/i combining form for ears
acoustic/o combining form for sound
dermat/o or dermo/o or cutane/o combining form for skin
adren/o combining form foradrenals
gonad/o combining form for gonads
pineal/o combining form for pineal
pituit/o combining form for pituitary
thyroid/o or thyr/o combining form for thyroid
orch/o or orchi/o or orchid/o or testicul/o combining form for testicles
ovari/o or oophor/o combining form for ovaries
hyster/o or metr/o or metr/i or metri/o or uter/o combining form for uterus
prefixes for 1 uni- or mono-
prefixes for 2 duo- , bi- , dyo-
prefix for 3 tri-
prefixes for 4 quadri- , quadro- , tetra-
prefixes for 5 quint- , pent- , penta-
prefixes for 6 sex- , hex- , hexa-
prefixes for 7 sept- , septi- , hept- , hepta-
prefixes for 8 octo- , oct- , octa-
prefixes for 9 novem- , ennea-
prefixes for 10 deca- , decem- , dek- , deka-
Created by: mountida