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1/2 final

vet 2005

QuestionAnswer
what are the different types of fluids made of crystalloids, colliods, blood products
this type of crystalloid maintains equal hydrostatic pressure, and is a good replacement for mild to moderate dehydration isotonic
this type of crystalloid pushes fluid into intracellular space, can be used as a maintenance therapy if KCL is added hypotonic
this type of crystalloid pulls fluid into intravascular space, good for cerebral edema, use with caution hypertonic
what are normal insensible loses of fluids from respiratory evaporation, feces, ect
what are abnormal insensible loses of fluids from vomiting, diarrhea, polyuria, anorexia
what the maintenance fluid rate of crystalloids per day formula 60ml/kg/day
what is the formula for maintenance fluids of colloids per day for a dog 20ml/kg/day
what is the formula for maintenance fluids of colloids per day for a cat 12ml/kg/day
how many recognized dog erythrocyte antigens are there minimum of 12
how many different types of blood do cats have 3
what is the most common feline blood type A
what is the most rare feline blood type B
packed red blood cell transfusions are used to treat what conditions anemia (hemolytic, non regenerative)
plasma transfusions are used to treat what conditons hypoalbuminemia, coagulopathies, not thrombocytopenia
cryoprecipitate is used to treat what conditions von wilillebrands disease
cryosupernatant plasma is used to treat what conditions same as fresh frozen plasma
Paco2 is an indication of what ventilation ability
pao2 is an indication of what how well blood is being oxygenated
hypoxemia pao2 readings are less than what 80 mmHg
hypoxemia spo2 readings are less than what 92%
severe hypoxemia pao2 readings are less than what 60 mmHg
cyanosis pao2 readings are less than what 50 mmHg
when using blow by O2 how far away should you keep the end of the tube from the patients face 6 inches
what is very important when using nasal o2 humidifier
what is hyperbaric oxygen therapy 100% O2 at 2-4 atmospheres of pressure
this type of oxygen therapy is used to treat burns, gangrene, acute traumatic ischemic injuries, chronic non healing wounds, refractory osteomyelitis hyperbaic oxygen therapy
this type of ventilation has total control, aka continuous positive pressure ventilation controlled ventilation
this type of ventilation is periodic control of ventilations, aka intermittent positive pressure ventilation assisted ventilation
this type of ventilation is maintaining pressure in the lungs at the end of expiration to prevent alveolar collapse positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP)
this type of ventilation is similar to PEEP, but when the animal is not on a ventilator continuous positive airway pressure
what are intrinsic spinal cord causes extrusion/protrusion of disc material, fractures secondary to bone diseases
what are extrinsic spinal cord causes fractures, luxations, subluxations, trauma related
inflammation of all structures/tissues of the eye panopthalmitis
inflammation of the cornea keratitis
Created by: chop