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96736 Anciet Egypt

Ancient Egypt

cataracts strong rapids
delta triangle-shaped area of land made of soil deposited by a river
pharaoh title used by the rulers of Egypt
dynasty series of rulers from the same family
Old Kingdom period in Egyptian history that lasted from about 2700BC to 2200BC
nobles people from rich and powerful families
acquire to get
Menes legendary Egyptian ruler, he unified Upper and Lower Egypt and built new capital city, Memphis
Khufu Egyptian pharaoh who ruled during Old Kingdom and built many monuments to honor him
Ramses the Great one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs who expanded the kingdom and built lasting temples at Karnak, Luxor, and Abu Simbel
Queen Hatshepsut Egyptian queen who worked to increase trade and built many impressive monuments and temples
King Tutankhamen Egyptian pharaoh who died while still a young king. The discovery of his tomb taught much about Egyptian culture
Piankhi Ruler of Kush whose army captured all of Egypt
afterlife life after death
mummies specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth
elite people of wealth
pyramids huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top
engineering the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
method a way of doing something
Middle Kingdom period of order and stability that lasted until about 1750BC
New Kingdom period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
trade routes paths followed by traders
contracts binding legal agreements
hieroglyphics Egyptian writing system
papyrus long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds
Rosetta Stone a stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics. Its discovery gave historians what they needed to read ancient Egyptian writing.
sphinxes imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans
obelisk a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top. Usually stood on either side of a temple gate.
trade network system of people in different lands who trade goods
merchants traders who carried goods to different ports
exports items sent out to other regions
imports goods brought in from other regions
authority power or influence
Queen Shanakhdakheto first woman to rule Kush; has one of the largest pyramids in Meroe
King Ezana Aksumite ruler who destroyed Meroe and took over Kush