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DIGESTIVE SYSYTEM

QuestionAnswer
LIST FROM PROXIMAL TO DISTAL THE PATH OF THE MONOGASTRIC STOMACH MOUTH,PHARYNX,ESOPHAGUS,STOMACH,DEUDENUM, JUJUNUM, ILEUM,TRY CECUM, COLON, RECTUM, ANUS
LIST FROM PROXIMAL TO DISTAL THE PATH OF THE RUMINENT STOMACH MOUTH, PHARYNX, ESOPHAGUS, RUMEN, RETICULUM, OMASUM, ABOMASM
TYPES OF ENZYMES THE PANCREAS MAKES TRYPSIN-PROTEIN LIPASE- FAT AMYLASE- STARTCH
ESOPHAGUS IS ON THE LEFT SIDE WHEN IN THE DORSAL RECUMBANCY
LIVER MAKES AND RELEASES BILE
BILE EMULSIFIES FATS.
GALLBLADDER STORES BILE. THE GALLBLADDER RELEASES BILE INTO THE BLOOD STREAM WHEN FAT IS PRESENT IN THE DEUDENUM
WHAT ANIMALS DO NOT HAVE A GALLBLADDER HORSES AND RATS
HORSES HIND GUT FERMENTERS
PREHENSION GRASPING OF FOOD WITH THE LIPS OR TEETH
MASTICATION THE MECHANICAL GRINDING AND BREAKING DOWN OF FOOD (CHEWING)
HERBIVORES PLANT EATING ANIMALS, GOATS, SHEEP AND CATTLE
CARNIVORES MEAT EATING ANIMALS, CATS,DOGS
OMNIVORES ANIMALS THAT EAT PLANTS AND MEATS. PIGS AND HUMANS
GASTRO STOMACH
ENTERIC INTESTINES
ALIMENTARY CANAL GI TRACT
PERISTALSIS PERI:AROUND
PYLORIS OPENING BETWEEN THE STOMACH AND DUODENUM
RUGAE ANATOMICAL FOLD, USU, VISCERA
CHYME SEMIFLUID MASS OF PARTLY DIGESTED FOOD EXPELLED BY THE STOMACH INTO THE DUODENUM
THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM BREAKS DOWN FOOD STUFF INTO ABSORABLE NUTRIENTS TO FUEL TE BODY.
5 STEPS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM PREHENSION- GRASPING FOOD W/ LIPS & TEETH MASTICATION- MECHANICAL BREAKDOWN OF FOOD (CHEWING) CHEMICAL DIGESTION ABSORPTION OF FOOD/WATER ELIMINATION OF WASTES
MONOGASTRIC SIMPLE STOMACH
RUMINANT(CRANIAL FERMENTOR) MULTI-COMPARTMENTED STOMACH
HIND GUT(CAUDAL FERMENTOR) SIMPLE STOMACH, BUT VERY LARGE AND COMPLEX INTESTINES.
WALLS OF THE GI TRACT MUCOSA, SUBMUCOSA, MUSCULARIS EXTERNA, SEROSA
MUCOSA CLOSEST TO LUMEN, HAS 3 SUBLAYERS *EPITHELIUM- STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS& SIMPLE COLUMNAR *LAMINA PROPRIA- CONNECTIVE TISSUE *MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE- SMOOTH MUSCLE
SUBMUCOSA LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE
MUSCULARIS EXTERNA 2 TO 3 LAYERS OF SMOOTH MUSCLE, OBLIQUE, CIRCULAR, LONGITUDINAL
SEROSA LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE
MOUTH RECIEVES FOOD AND MIXES IT WITH SALIVA DURING MASTICATION BOLUS IS FORMED
PHARYNX COMMON PASSAGEWAY FOR DIGESTIVE AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEMS
ESOPHAGUS MUSCULAR TUBING RUNNING FROM THE PHARYNX TO THE CARDIA (WHICH IS THE OPENING TO THE STOMACH) FOOD MOVES THROUGH THE ESOPHAGUS VIA PERISTALSIS
STOMACH SIMPLE STOMACH, MONOGASTRIC ANIMALS
5 REGIONS ON SIMPLE STOMACH CARDIA, FUNDUS, BODY, ANTRUM, PYLORUS
CARDIA ESOPHAGUS ENTERS HERE, MUSCULAR PROTECTION AGAINST REFLUX OF STOMACH CONTENTS INTO ESOPHAGUS
FUNDUS EXPANDABLE, BLIND POUCH
BODY "MIDDLE" PORTION OF STOMACH
ANTRUM DISTAL PART OF STOMACH
PYLORUS DISTAL "END" PORTION OF STOMACH, IS A MUSCULAR SPHINCTER
CHYME FOOD MIXED IN THE STOMACH WITH SECRETIONS FROM THE DIGESTIVE GLANDS UNTIL IT IS REDUCED TO A LIQUID
PH OF THE STOMACH IS ACIDIC, HYDROCHLORIC ACID
MUCOUS NECK CELLS SECRETE MUCUS
CHIEF CELLS PRODUCE THE ENZYME PEPSINOGEN
PARIETAL CELLS PRODUCE HYDROCHLORIC ACID- WALL OF STOMACH
ENDOCRINE CELLS PRODUCE THE HORMONE GASTRIN
ALL RUMINANTS ARE HERBIVORES NOT ALL HERBIVORES ARE RUMINANTS
RUMINANTS REGURGITATES BOLUS(FOOD) REMASTIVATES(RECHEWS) AND SWALLOWS IT AGAIN(DEGLUTINATION)
FOUR CHAMBERS OF RUMINANT STOMACH RUMEN, RETICULUM, OMASUM, ABOMASUM
FERMENTATION VAT RUMEN
LARGEST COMPARTMENT RUMEN
ERUCTATION BURPING
CUD CHEWING RUMINANTS
ERUCTATION FERMENTATION OF FOOD IN THE RUMEN GENERATES ENORMOUS QUANTITES OF GAS, BELCHING IS HOW RUMINANTS GER RID OF FERMENTATION GASES
HARDWARE COMPARTMENT HARDWARE COMPARTMENT,
HONEYCOMB RETICULUM
MOST CRANIAL RETICULUM
OMASUM GRINDS UP THE FOOD AND ABSORBS WATER AND BICARBONATE
OMASUM COMPOSED OF MANY LAYERS OF LAMINAE, WHICH RESEMBLES LEAVES
ABOMASUM TRUE GLANDULAR STOMACH
ABOMASUM MIXES THE FOOD WITH ENZYMES, INITIATING CHEMICAL DIGESTION
SMALL INTESTINE DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, ILEUM
SMALL INTESTINE MAJOR SITE OF DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION
THREE SPECIALIZED STRUCTURES INCREASES THE SURFACE AREA OF THE SMALL INTESTINE CIRCULAR FOLDS, INTESTINAL VILLI-SLENDER PROJECTIONS, MICROVILLI-COLUMNAR CELLS WITH MICROVILLI
SMALL INTESTINES PRODUCES DIGESTIVE ENZYMES-PROTEASE, AMYLASE, AND LIPASE
GASTRO STOMACH
MONOGASTRIC SINGLE GASTRIC STOMACH
PYLORIS OPENING BETWEEN THE STOMACH AND DUODENUM
RUGAE ANATOMICAL FOLD,USU, VISCERA
CHYME SEMIFLUID MASS OF PARTLY DIGESTED FOOD EXPELLED BY THE STOMACH INTO THE DUODENUM
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM BREAKS DOWN FOODSTUFF INTO ABSORBABLE NUTRIENTS(SUGARS, AMINO ACIDS, FATTY ACIDS, ETC) TO FUEL THE BODY
THE FIVE STEPS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM PREHENSION, MASTICATION, CHEMICAL DIGESTION, ABSORPTION OF FOOD/WATER, ELIMINATION OF WASTES.
PREHENSION GRASP FOOD WITH LIPS/ TEETH
MASTICATION MECHANICAL GRINDING/ BREAKDOWN OF FOOD
MONOGASTRIC SIMPLE STOMACH
RUMINANT(CRANIAL FERMENTOR) MULTI-COMPARTMENTED STOMACH
HIND GUT (CAUDAL FERMENTOR) SIMPLE STOMACH, BUT VERY LARGE AND COMPLEX LARGE INTESTINES
HERBIVORE PLANT EATERS, RABBIT, COW, HORSE, SHEEP, GOAT
CARNIVORE MEAT EATERS DOG, CAT
OMNIVORE PLANT AND MEAT EATING ANIMALS RATS, PIGS, HUMANS
MUCOSA CLOSEST TO LUMEN, HAS 3 SUBLAYERS
EPITHELIUM STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS & SIMPLE COLUMNAR
LAMINA PROPRIA CONNECTIVE TISSUE
MUSCULARIS MUCOSAE SMOOTH MUSCLE
SUBMUCOSA LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE
MUSCULARIS EXTERNA 2-3 LAYERS OF SMOOTH MUSCLE. OBLIQUE, CIRCULAR, LONGITUDINAL
SEROSA LOOSE CONNECTIVE TISSUE
STRUCTURES OF THE MONOGASTRIC STOMACH MOUTH, PHARYNX, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH
MOUTH RECIEVES FOOD AND MIXES IT WITH SALIVA DURING MASTICATION, BOLUS IS FORMED
PHARYNX COMMON PASSAGEWAY FOR DIGESTIVE AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEMS
ESOPHAGUS MUSCULAR TUBING RUNNING FROM THE PHARYNX TO THE CARDIA (WHICH IS THE OPENING TO THE STOMACH)
FOOD MOVES THROUGH THE ESOPHAGUS VIA PERISTALSIS
STOMACH SIMPLE STOMACH; MONOGASTRIC ANIMALS
STOMACH ENZYMATIC DIGESTION OF PROTEINS BEGINS, FOODSTUFFS REDUCED TO LIQUID FORM
SIMPLE STOMACH HAS 5 REGIONS CARDIA, FUNDUS, BODY, ANTRUM, AND PYLORUSQ
CARDIA ESOPHAGUS ENTERS HERE, MUSCULAR PROTECTION AGAINST REFLUX OF STOMACH CONTENTS INTO ESOPHAGUS
FUNDUS EXPANDABLE, BLIND POUCH
BODY "MIDDLE" PORTION OF THE STOMACH
ANTRUM DISTAL PART OF THE STOMACH
PYLORUS DISTAL "END" PORTION OF STOMACH, IT IS A MUSCULAR SPHINCTER
RUAGE INNER FOLDS IN THE SIMPLE STOMACH
PH OF THE STOMACH IS ACIDIC
TRUE BODY OF THE STOMACH HAS GASTRIC GLANDS MUCOUS NECK CELLS, CHIEF CELLS, PARIETAL CELLS, AND ENDOCRINE CELLS
MUCOUS NECK CELLS SECRETE MUCUS
CHIEF CELLS PRODUCE THE ENZYME PEPSINOGEN
PARIETAL CELLS PRODUCE HYDROCHLORIC ACID
ENDOCRINE CELLS PRODUCE THE HORMONE GASTRIN
RUMINANT STOMACH FOUND IN CATTLE, SHEEP, GOATS, AND LLAMAS
ALL RUMINANTS ARE HERBIVORES BUT NOT ALL HERBIVORES ARE RUMINANTS
RUMINANT ANIMALS REGURGITATES FOOD(BOLUS) REMASTICATES (RECHEWS), AND SWALLOWS IT AGAIN (DEGLUTINATION)
FOUR CHAMBERS OF THE RUMINANT STOMACH RUMEN, RETICULUM, OMASUSM, ABOMASUM
RUMEN FERMENTATION VAT, LARGEST COMPARTMENT,
RUMINANTS ARE KNOWN FOR CUD CHEWING
RETICULUM HARDWARE COMPARTMENT, HONEYCOMB, AND MOST CRANIAL
OMASUM GRINDS UP THE FOOD AND ABSORBS WATER AND BICARBONATE, COMPOSED OF LAYERS OF LAMINAE, WHICH RESEMBLE LEAVES
ABOMASUM TRUE GLANDULAR STOMACH, MIXES THE FOOD WITH ENZYMES, INITIATING CHEMICAL DIGESTION.
3 REGIONS OF SMALL INTESTINE DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, ILEUM
SMALL INTESTINE MAJOR SITE OF DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION
SMALL INTESTINE PRODUCES DIGESTIVE ENZYMES PROTEASE, AMYLASE, AND LIPASE
LARGE INTESTINE CECUM FOUND AT THE ILEOCECOCOLIC JUNCTION
COLON HAS NO VILLI, FOLDS OR SECRETED ENZYMES. THERE ARE GOBLET CELLS THAT SECRET MUCUS
LARGE INTESTINE ABSORBS WATER, PRODUCES VITAMINS B AND K, PROPELS WASTE TOWARD THE RECTUM
RECTUM LARGE PORTION OF THE LARGE INTESTINE THAT SECRETES MUCUS
ANUS TERMINAL END OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
ANUS HAS TWO SPHINCTERS, INTERNAL AUTONOMIC SPHINCTER, AND EXTERNAL VOLUNTARY SPHINCTER
OTHER ORGANS INVOLVED IN DIGESTION THAT FOOD DOES NOT PASS THROUGH PANCREAS, LIVER, GALLBLADDER
PANCREAS RELEASES SODIUM BICARBONATE, NEUTRALIZES ACIDIC CHYME AND DIGESTIVE ENZYMES INTO THE DUODENUM
PANCREAS TRYPSIN- TO DIGEST PROTEINS LIPASE- TO DIGEST FAT AMYLASE- TO DIGEST STARTCH
PANCREAS PRODUCES BILE WHICH EMULSIFIES FATS
GALLBLADDER STORES BILE AND RELEASES IT INTO THE DUODENUM WHEN FATS ARE PRESENT
RATS AND HORSES DO NOT HAVE A GALLBLADDER
ORGANS OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM OF HIND GUT FERMENTORS MOUTH, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, LIVER, PANCREAS, GALL BLADDER AND SMALL INTESTINE HAVE SIMILAR FUNCTIONS AS COMPARED TO MONOGASTRICS
LARGE INTESTINE OF HIND GUT LARGE INTESTINE IS EXCEPTIONALLY LARGE AND COMPLEX COMPARED TO MONOGASTRICS AND RUMINANTS
Created by: JODY84