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SENSE ORGANS

QuestionAnswer
CANTHUS THE CORNER OF THE EYELIDS WHERE THEY COME TOGETHER. EACH EYE HAS A MEDIAL AND LATERAL CANTHUS.
CHOROID A PORTION OF THE UVEA, OR MIDDLE VASCULAR LAYER, OF THE EYE. THE CHOROID CONSISTS MAINLY OF PIGMENT AND BLOOD VESSELS AND IS LOCATED BETWEEN THE SCLERA AND THE RETINA.
CILIARY BODY A PORTION OF THE UVEA, OR MIDDLE VASCULAR LAYER, OF THE EYE. THE CILLIARY BODY IS A RING SHAPED STRUCTURE LOCATED IMMEDIATLEY BEHIND THE IRIS. IT CONTAINS THE CILIARY MUSCLES THAT ADJUST THE SHAPE OF THE LENS AND THE CELLS THAT PRODUCE AQUEOUS HUMOR.
COCHLEA THE SNAIL SHELL SHAPED CAVITY IN THE TEMPORAL BONE OF THE SKULL THAT CONTAINS THE HEARING PORTION OF THE INNER EAR.
CONES PHOTORECEPTORS IN THE RETINA OF THE EYE THAT PERCEIVE COLOR AND DETAIL.
SCLERA OUTER MOST FIBROUS COAT OR LAYER (WHITE OF THE EYE)
CHOROID VASCULAR LAYER BETWEEN THE SCLERA AND THE RETINA
RETINA NERVOUS LAYER THAT HOUSES PHOTORECEPTORS (RODS AND CONES)
VITREOUS HUMOR THE VITREOUS HUMOR, OR VITROUS, IS THE TRANSPARENT CLEAR GEL THAT FILLS THE SPACE BETWEEN THE LENS OF THE EYE AND THE RETINA THAT LINES THE BACK OF THE EYE
LENS FOCUSES LIGHT INTO THE RETINA
IRIS COLORED PART OF THE EYE, ,ADE OF PIGMENTED SMOOTH MUSCLE, REGULATES AMOUNT OF LIGHT PASSING THROUGH THE PUPIL
PUPIL OPENING IN THE CENTER OF THE IRIS
AQUEOUS HUMOR CLEAR,WATERY FLUID FILLING THE ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CHAMBERS
CORNEA TRANSPARENT COVERING ON THE EYE
CONJUNCTIVA MUCOUS MEMBRANE THAT LINES THE EYELIDS
NICTITATING MEMBRANE THIRD EYELID
LACRIMAL APPARATUS TEARS FROM THE LACRIMAL GLAND LOCATED IN THE UPPER EYELIDS FLOW ONTO THE EYE BALL TO FLUSH DEBRIS FROM THE EYE AND MOISTEN AND LUBRICATE
LIGHT PASSES THROUGH THE PUPIL, IS REFRACTED(BENT) BY THE LENS AND HITS THE PHOTORECEPTORS (CONES AND RODS) IN THE RETINA
RODS RESPOND TO DIM LIGHT MORE ARE PRESENT IN NOCTURNAL ANIMALS
CONES RESPOND TO BRIGHT LIGHT AND COLOR
NERVOUS IMPULSES FROM THE RODS AND CONES ARE SENT VIA THE OPTIC NERVE TO THE BRAIN
EAR CONSISTS OF 3 REGIONS OUTER EAR, MIDDLE EAR, INNER EAR
OUTER EAR FROM THE PINNA TO THE TYMPANIC MEMBRAME (EAR DRUM), AIR FILLED
MIDDLE EAR HOUSES THREE OSSICLES; ,MALLEUS (HAMMER), INCUS (ANVIL), STAPES (STIRRUP)
MIDDLE EAR AIR FILLED, COMMUNICATES WITH THE NASOPHARYNX BY THE WAY OF THE EUSTACHIAN TUBE
INNER EAR HOUSES THE COCHLEA AND SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, FLUID FILLED,
COCHLEA HOUSES THE ORGAN OF CORTI (HEARING RECEPTORS)
SEMICIRULAR CANALS CONTAIN NERVE RECEPTORS FOR PROPRIOCEPTION AND BALANCE
DEAFNESS NERVE DEAFNESS. RESULTS FROM MALFUNCTION OF RECEPTORS OR AUDITORY NERVE.
DEAFNESS IS MOST COMMON IN BLUE EYED CATS WITH WHITE COATS, SEALYHAM TERRIERS, SCOTCH TERRIERS, BOARDER COLLIES AND FOX TERRIERS
TRANSMISSION DEAFNESS RESULTS FROM MALFUNCTION IN TRANSMISSION OF SOUND WAVES FROM THE OUTER EAR TO THE INNER EAR
SMELL ASSOCIATED WITH THE OLFACTORY BULB
SMELL RECEPTORS LIE IN THE MUCOUS MEMBRANES OF THE NASAL CAVITY
SMELL ODOR IS DISSOLVED IN RECEPTORS AND TRANSMITTED TO THE BRAIN
TASTE TASTE RECEPTORS ARE ENCLOSED IN GUSTATORY PAPILLAE ON THE TOUNGE
THREE TYPES OF PAPILLAE FUNGIFORM PAPILLAE, FOLIATE PAPILLAE, VALLATE PAPILLAE
FUNGIFORM PAPILLAE MUSHROOM SHAPED; SCATTERED AMONG FILIFORM PAPILLAE ON THE SURFACE OF THE TONGUE
FOLIATE PAPILLAE LEAF SHAPED AND FOUND ON THE LATERAL BORDER OF THE TOUNGE.
VALLATE PAPILLAE LARGE, CIRCULAR PROJECTIONS SURROUNDED BY A CLEFT, CONTAIN TASTE BUDS AND SEROUS GLANDS IN ALL DOMESTIC ANIMALS; CONTAIN MUCOUS GLANDS IN THE HORSE
TWO OTHER FORMS OF PAPILLAE ARE MECHANICAL FILIFORM-THORN SHAPED, HELP DIRECT FOOD TOWARD PHARYNX AND ARE USED FOR LAPPING AND GROOMING; CONICAL (LENTICULAR IN RUMINANTS, CONE SHAPED; LARGER THAN FILIFORM PAPILLAE
Created by: JODY84