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vet1355~

half of final review

QuestionAnswer
animals with coccidia pass oocysts in their feces that are immediately infective (true/false) false
canine coccidia spp. are infective to felines(true/false) false
Eimeria spp. are sometimes observed in canine and feline samples but it is considered a pseudoparasite (true/false) true
Neospora caninum causes flaccid hing-limb paralysis in puppies (true/false) true
Giardia cysts can become distorted with Sheathers sugar solution (true/false) true
the two most commonly used drugs to treat Giardia are pyrantal and praziquantal (true/false0 false
the gold standard flotation medium for diagnosis of Giardia zinc sulfate
the best way to find giardia trophozoites in feces direct smear
which protozoan is sexuallly transmitted among cattle tritrichomonas foetus
what is the coccidian parasite of carnivores and omnivores cystoisospora
congenital disease with this protozoan parasite is associated with birth defects, still birth, and neurologic disease toxoplasma gondii
giardia cysts are best observed under what power on the microscope 40x
which protozoan parasite is carried in cat feces and can cause birth defects in human babies if mom becomes infected toxoplasma gondii
this protozoan is primarily common in cattle and can be transmitted to humans via water, it is severely debilitating in immunocompromised people cryptosporidium
which type of lice has a broader head that is wider than it is long, with no antennae, and no claws mallophaga(biting/chewing lice)
which type of lice has a narrow head, antennae, claws and mouth parts anoplura(sucking lice)
what is the scientific name of the most common flea seen in dogs and cats ctenocephalides felis
otodectes cynotis have long, jointed pedicels (true/false) false
where are the adult worms of dirofilaria immitis primarily found right ventricle/pulmonary arteries
where are microfilaria found blood
at what larval stage does dirofilaria need to be in the mosquito mouthparts to be infective L3
the treatment of choice for adult heartworm disease in dogs melarsomine
what is the intracellular gram negative bacteria that lives inside the filarial nematode wolbachia
what test is the ideal first choice for diagnosing canine heartworm disease antigen test
what does HARD stand for in reference to heartworm disease heartworm associated respiratory disease
which heartworm species has a button head and moves in a forward motion dipetalonema reconditum
which heartworm species has a straight body and makes a wiggle motion for movement instead of moving forward dirofilaria immitis
vomiting may be a sign of heartworm disease in cats (true/false) true
cats are commonly microfilaria positive (true/false) false
which arthropod is the cause of feline scabies notoedres cati
which arthropod produce larva that use an air hole to breath cuterebra spp.
which arthropod are often referred to as walking dandruff cheyletiella
what term means infestation of lice pediculosis
which parasites: host is dogs/wild canids, is zoonotic(causes VLM & OLM), located in the small intestine, causes dull hair coat, abdominal distention, poor appetite, vomiting, and loose stool toxocara canis
which parasite: "raccoon" roundworm, has direct development of adults in SI; no migration, zoonotic(cause OLM, VLM, & NLM), eggs are ellipsoidal, golden brown, thick shell, finely granular surface, no pitting baylisascaris procyonis
what parasite: several host; adult worms found in pulmonary artery & right ventricle; microfilaria found in blood of infected animal; PPP 6-7 months dirofilaria immitis
what parasite: dogs, fox, wolves are host; adults found in SQ tissue; microfilaria found in blood; infection after bite of IH (fleas/lice) dipetalonema reconditum
what parasite: known as the sheep nasal bot; larvae migrate to internal nares and sinus oestrus ovis
what parasite; equine stomach bot; eggs deposited in horses haircoat; eggs or hatched larvae ingested; where eggs depositied & where bots are located in stomach depend on species; found in feces gasterophilus spp.
what parasite: common name is brown dog tick; hard tick; inornate, hexagonal basis capitulum, festoons; common vector of canine ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, RMSF rhiplicephalus sanguineus
what parasite: all hosts; zoonotic; eggs are ellipsoid, smooth, thin shell, colorless, 4-8 cell stage in fresh feces; transmitted by ingestion, skin penetration, and transmammary ancylostoma spp.
what parasite: 2 species of importance; both very zoonotic; difficult to control due to life cycle; cant distinguish eggs from taenia spp. echinococcus spp.
what parasite: most common tapeworm in SI of dog/cat; usually demonstrates presence by release of & apperance of motile, terminal, gravid proglottids; PPP 14-21 days dipylidium caninum
what parasite: common name black-legged tick or deer tick; hard tick; inornate, anterior anal groove, +/- festoons, vector of lyme disease ixodes scapularis
what parasite: ear mite of dogs/cats; long legs with short, unjointed pedicels otodectes cynotis
what parasite: "walkikng dandruff" of dogs, cats, rabbits; causes pruitus w/ exfolliative debris; large hooked mouthparts (viking horns); due to cat grooming may be found in feces cheyletiella
what parasite: hosts r sheep, goat, cattle; located in SI; proglottids are wider than long; eggs r triangular or square; contain well formed pyriform apparatus moniezia spp.
what parasite: common name lone star tick; hard tick; ornate, long pedipalps- especially 2nd segment, festoons, lone white spot on dorsal shield of female; male has nonconnected white markings around posterior margin; vector for RMSF amblyomma americanium
what parasite: hosts r dog, cat, wild canind, mustelid, raccoon, occasionally man; located in lungs; uses crayfish or f-water crabs as 2nd IH; eggs r yellow brown, operculated- is flattened w/ prominent shoulders; float in high SG solution paragonimus kellicoti
what parasite: "red mange"; normal hair follicle resident; problems in immune suppressed patients; cigar shaped adult; spindle shaped eggs demodex canis
what parasite: "american dog tick"; hard tick; ornate, rectangular basis capitulum, 11 festoons; primary vector of RMSF & cytauxzoon felis; probably most common tick in US dermacentor variabilis
what parasite: found in many species; zoonotic; located in SI; trophozoites encyst in colon; cysts passed directly in feces r directly infective; PPP 1-2 weeks giardia
what parasite: coccidian of carnivores & omnivores; can be sporulated or unsporulated cystoisospora
what parasite: eggs r small, thing shelled, ellipsoidal w/ bluntly rounded ends, colorless; larvated in fresh feces except for 1; long L1 larvae w/ straight tail strongyloides spp.
what parasite: host- canine; located in colon and cecum; direct transmission; eggs r golden brown, barrel shaped, bipolar plugs, smooth surface, tapered at both ends trichuris vulpis
what parasite: eggs r smooth-shelled, clear & colorless, 16-32 cell stage, to identify L3 larvae must be cultured and examined; direct life cycle; adult worm passes eggs in feces trichostrongyles
what parasite: host r horses; located in rectum & colon; eggs r elongated, flattened on 1 side, operculated at 1 end; "scotch tape technique" facilitates diagnosis oxyuris equi
what parasite: "ear canker" on stressed rabbitss; dark, crusted material will be seen in ears if present psoropstes spp.
what parasite: "head & neck mange" in cats; lesions start at medial edge of pinna, head & neck; round in shape, has dorsal anus notoedres cati
what parasite: infects most domestic animals, except cats; reportable in cattle; mite spherical body, legs 3 & 4 not visible past the edge of the body, legs 1 & 2 have long unjointed stalks w/ suckers at distal end sarcoptes scabiei
what parasite: common name rocky mountain wood tick; most important cause of tick paralysis in US dermacentor andersoni
what parasite: require h2o to develop; only female bites; larvae called wigglers; pupae called tumblers; piercing- sucking mouthparts; tranmist malaria, filarial nematodes, arboviruses mosquito's
what parasite: adults near marshes, cleared areas, trails; larvae use decomposing logs, bogs, wet pastures; cutting- lapping mouthparts; painful biters; very large compound eyes; transmit tularemia, anthrax, trypanosomes horse and deer flies
this term means infested by flies myiasis
what parasite: warbles, ox warble, cattle grub; eggs deposited on feet & back of legs; larvae hatch and penetrate skin- migrate through body until reaches animals back, along spine; affect leather production hypoderma
this type of chewing louse is found on dogs & wild canids throughout the world, is a vector of dog tapeworm trichodectes canis
this type of chewing louse is usually found in large #'s only on aged or diseased cats & some wild felids; probably cosmopolitan in location; infestation often go unnoticed felicola subrostratus
this type of sucking louse is occassionally found on dogs (particularly on long haired breeds) throughout the world; causes little irritation; usually absent from kennels; can be found on wild canids linognathus setosus
this stage of the flea life cycle cant be destroyed by pesticides pupae
this arthropod is a vector of dipylidium caninum; can cause allergic dermatitis, anemia, & annoyance fleas
this type of flea control involves vaccuming, shampooing/ steam cleaning, wash bedding; combined use of residual insecticides and IGR's indoor control
this type of flea control involves keeping grass short; applying insecticides in shady areas outdoor control
what parasite: host r cattle sometimes sheep; prefers tail, escutcheon, & legs; mite legs have large tarsal suckers on short unjointed pedicels; treat w/ standard louse treatments chorioptes spp.
this type of tick is a 3 host tick hard tick
this type of tick is a 1 host tick soft tick
what parasite: common name spinose ear tick; host r horses, cattle, sheep, goats, dogs; nymph stage violin shaped; covered w/ tiny, backward projecting spines; only larval & nymph stage r parasitic; g-range semiarid/arid areas of southwestern US otobius megnini
when a person believes that they have an infestation/infection of an arthropod or parasite and will not consider other reasons for their condition delusory parasitosis
signs of this include: "bug" is colored or multicolored, actually see it burrowing in skin, in area not normally found, can see something that is normally microscopic, accompanied by self-inflicted wounds on hands, face and neck delusory parasitosis
leishmania may be transmitted transplacentally from the bitch to her pups (true/false) true
it is common for dogs and cats to infect humans with giardia (true/false) false
toxoplasmosis is associated with what in human fetuses birth defects & still births
the motile stage of giardia is called trophozoite
name the two hosts of leishmaniasis rodents & sand fly
name the primary tick vector of lyme disease western black legged tick
what are the signs of lyme disease in the acute phase fever, shifting leg lameness, swollen joints, enlarged lymph nodes, lethargy, anorexia, and depression
what is the standard treatment for lyme disease doxycycline at 10mg/kg PO SID
how long should doxycycline be given to treat for lyme disease 30 days
what is the primary sign of cryoptosporidium in animals secretory diarrhea
infections in immunocompromised individuals may also be seen in what areas of the body large intestine, respiratory tract, biliary tract, pancreatic duct, etc
what is the only definitive host of toxoplasmosis felines
what are the three routes of transmission for toxoplasmosis transplacental, transmammary, ingestion of sporulated oocysts
what are the two drugs recommended to treat giardia metronidazole & fenbendazole
what are the 3 diagnostic techniques for giardia fecal flotation, direct smear, fecal elisa
according to CAPC should asymptomatic dogs and cats be treated for giardia not unless treatment is desired due to exposure from another pet
babesia infection may be spread via blood transfusion (true/false) true
it is common to find morulae of ehrlichia and anaplasma on a blood smear (true/false) false
C. felis may be fatal due to severe anemia and its complications (true/false) true
tetracyclines are the treatment for hemobartonellosis (true/false) true
how long does the tick have to be attached to the host to initiate infection 24-48 hours
the treatment for ehrlicia and anaplasma is doxycycline
the main reservoir host for C. felis is bobcat
what are the two tick vectors o9f babesiosis brown dog tick & american dog tick
what blood cell line does babesia invade erythrocytes
what is the main reservoir host of anaplasma spp rodents
what cell line(s) does ehrlichia and anaplasma enter monocytes, granulocytes, or platelets
what is the main tick vector of cytauxzoon felis american dog tick
mycoplasma haemofelis is also known as FIA or hemobartonellosis
what is the nick name for hemabartonellosis cat scratch fever
what infestations are the probable cause of hemobartonellosis flea infestations
Created by: chop