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Nutrition- Minerals

QuestionAnswer
How many mineral elements are thought to be essential for animals? More than 18
Minerals required in large amounts Macrominerals
Minerals required in small amounts Microminerals (trace elements)
What does the word "inorganic" mean? Something that does not come from a living organism
Functions of Phosphorus Anion; aids in bone and teeth formation; muscle formation; energy producing nutrient metabolism; energy production; reproduction
Symptoms of phosphorus deficiency Decreased appetite; decreased growth; dull hair coat; decreased fertility; spontaneous fractures; Rickets
Symptoms of phosphorus excess Bone loss; urinary calculi; calcification of soft tissue; secondary hyperthyroidism
Functions of Calcium Cation; Aids in bone and teeth formation; blood clotting; muscle function; nerve transmission; membrane permeability
Symptoms of Calcium deficiency Decreased growth; decreased appetite; decreased bone mineralization; lameness; spontaneous fractures; Rickets; loose teeth; tetany; convulsions
Symptoms of Calcium excess Decreased food efficiency; nephrosis; lameness; enlarged costochondral junctions; effects bone and cartilage maturation
Created by: mdupre8705