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archaeology ANTH 100

QuestionAnswer
humanity's imprint on the earth/comprised of stuff that humans have left behind
artifact objects that are made, modified and/or used by people
feature non portable artifacts
ecofact objects that provide info about the environmental context of human activity. Ecofacts are natural things like pollen, grains, seeds, and soil.
structure complex constructed features
site places where people lived or worked in the past that contain artifacts
archaeology study of the material record of the human past to interpret and explain that past
context allows the meanings of artifacts to be understood. based on 3 types of info: provenience, matrix and association.
matrix material in which the artifact is found. ex: soil
provenience discovery location described from a datum point. x, y, and z coordinates
taphonomy study of the natural processes that act on organisms between the moment of death and the time of their discovery.
ethno-archaeology making observations on behavior
expierimental archaeology preforming expieriments in order to replicate the behavior of a past society
restrictions on access to basic resources rank society society characterized by institutionalized differences in prestige but no important restrictions on access to basic resources
nation-state sovereign, geographically based state that identifies itself as having distinctive national culture & historical experience
social complexity number of groups & their interrelationships in a society
state hierarchical, centralized form of political organization in which central government has legal monopoly over use of force; typical political organization of stratified society
stratified society society characterized by formal, permanent social & economic inequality in which some people are denied access to basic resources
complexity social differentiation is related to social __
How do sedentism and domestication represent a change in worldview? Land is transformed into owned territories
The 9300-year-old skeleton found in Washington state touched off a legal battle over the repatriation of the skeleton known as Kennewick Man
Archaeologists digging at a site in southwest Asia find a series of burials that differ in size, construction, and the quantity of objects found in each. The archaeologists might conclude that the society responsible for the burials was Stratified
Created by: teriltucker