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Anthropology 1 Ch.4

Ch. 4

TermDefinition
primates a diverse group of animals (including humans, monkeys, prosimians and apes)
aboreal life in trees
dexterity the digits of the feet and hands (fingers and toes)
apposable thumb most important aspect of primate
dentition number, form and arrangement of teeth
omnivorous variety of food for a diet that contains plants, fruit, nuts, seeds and other animals
olfaction sense of smell
binocular/stereoscopic vision visual field of the eyes that overlap transmitting images to both sides of the brain
neocortex the surface portion of the brain associated with sensory messages and voluntary control of movement
social learning primates gain the skills needed to locate food and shelter
taxonomy the science of classification
kingdoms sharing overarching characteristics to small groups
species members that can potentially inbreed
taxa other categories
anthropodia/anthropoids monkeys apes and humans
infraorders subdivision of anthropoids
platyrrhini all monkeys in the americas
catarrhini anthropoids found in europe
cranium skull
postcranial skeleton all bones of the body except skull
endocast a cast of the brain
tetanus 50 million year old prosimina
nocturnal sleeps during day, hunts at night
primitive characterisitic characteristics that have modernality and relate to earlier species
derived characteristics include special teeth, cranial structures, limb bones and making relationships
quadrupeds use all four limbs for movement
prehensile tail acts as fifth limb
apidium small quadrupedal primate with short snout
diurnal active during day, sleeps at night
sexual dimorphism males and females of the same species that exhibit seperate characteristics
Created by: ssnyder1993
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