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Anthropology: Social Sciences

What is anthropology? the study of many cultures that exist on our planet
What are the two branches of anthropology? physical and cultural
What is the difference between physical and cultural anthropology? Physical: the study of heredity and the biological evolution of the human being Cultural: the study of how people in different societies live and the effects their environment have on their lifestyles
How do anthropologists obtain information? field experience- living among the society being studied, allows for observation and analysis reading the accounts of other anthropologists excavations
What is the main thing anthropologists must avoid? Ethnocentrism: judging a culture
What is culture? the entire way a society lives and is organized, such as, ideas, customs, art, music, language, attitude, values/norms, and traditions
What are cultural traits? each aspect of societies' culture is referred as this Ex: music, art, language, ideas
How is culture learned? through the social institutions and interactions with other members of society, which is enculturization
What causes cultures to be dynamic? Changes can come from inside the culture or outside the culture. Changes can come from inventions, innovation, or cultural diffusion
What is an invention? A new idea about how something can be made or done
What is an innovation? An improvement in a culture's technology
What is cultural diffusion? When ideas from one culture are spread to another culture
What is subculture? a smaller culture within a larger culture, has many traits that are similar to main culture
What is archaeology? Branch of anthropology in which the remains, or artifacts of past cultures are studied
What is artifact? Object made by human in the past
What is excavation? The orderly and careful removal of artifacts from the ground by archaeologist
What is stratum? A layer of earth in an archaeological dig that reveals a past culture
What is a grid system? The order of an excavation site into square-shaped areas
What is a stereotype? A broad generalization to a group of people
What is a material culture? things you can touch within a culture Ex: watching TV, cellphone
What is non-material culture? things within a culture you can not touch Ex; values and norms, respect
What is dialect? form of language specific to a region or group Ex: y'all
What is a site? The place where archaeologists choose to dig in search of human remains and artifacts
Created by: skylar.shanahan
Popular Anthropology sets




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