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Vet 1100 midterm

Vet Technology 1100 Midterm Review

What is SOAP It is the primary means of communication regarding the animals condition and response to tx
What are the 4 steps of a SOAP Subjective Objective Assessment Plan
What information would be considered subjective? Examples? Subjective information anything observable but NOT measurable; anything 'subject' to opinion. Ex) pain level, urine amt/color, appetite level, degree of edema
What information would be considered objective? Examples? Objective information is anything that can be measured or quantified. Ex) Temp, BP, HR, resp, wound size (measured with a ruler), lab results
What are the steps of the Veterinary Technician Practice Model? (hint: 4) 1. Gather Data 2. Identify & Prioritize tech evaluation 3. Develop Care Plan and Implement Interventions 4. Evaluate Results
Explain step one (gather data) of the Vet Tech Practice Model Gather information from exams by RVT's and DVM's, lab results, medical records, and owner observations. This data is then divided into two separate categories; either subjective or objective.
ALL data (including WNL's) should be recorded...why? This indicates that a thorough exam was done, can serve as a base line (for future reference or as a comparison if other problems develop)
Explain step two (Ident. & Prioritize tech evaluations) of the Vet Tech Practice Model Based on the data obtained from step one; critical thinking skills; EX) patient is brought in with cyanosis, altered mentation, and cardiopulomnary edema - the tech needs to intervene and identify the highest priority: GIVE OXYGEN
List the 'Needs Ladder' from highest to lowest priority Oxygen Chronic/acute pain (severe) Hydration Elimination Nutrition Chronic/acute pain Activity Utility ((OCHE N C A U))
Why is oxygen the #1 priority? Because the lack of O2 will kill patient the quickest; patient needs unobstructed airway, adequate ventilation, resp, and circulation (ABC's) to live
Example of #2) Critical Safety/Acute Pain (severe) Acute pain can be so severe, it can have negative impacts on other physiological problems
Hydration is important because.. Need adequate H2O to maintain life, dehydration negatively impacts almost every system (renal, cardio, neuro), severe dehydration can kill patient in a short period of time
Elimination is important because.. All need to excrete waste, inadequate urine production leads to toxin buildup (may lead to bladder rupture), inadequate feces may lead to intestinal blockage, colic, death
Nutrition.. Necessary for all body processes, esp important for injured/sick animals to ensure proper healing time
Chronic or acute pain (moderate)... Impacts patient's well-being/usefulness to owner, negatively impact behavior/performance
Activity... Adequate activity needed to maintain muscle mass; prevent weight gain, joint stiffness, pressure ulcers; maintain psychological balance
Utility... Companion dogs become aggressive; repro function in breeding animal
A physical exam should consist of what types of information? Subjective and objective
What are the steps of performing a physical exam? Signalment, history, weight/BCS, vitals, auscultate thoracic cavity, examine "nose to tail", palpate abdomen, RECORD ALL FINDINGS
Define negative punishment, give an example Definition: A decrease in the frequency of a behavior when a pleasant stimulus is removed. EX) Puppy playing with owner and starts to nip. Owner stops playing and the puppy stops nipping.
Define positive punishment, give an example Definition: Adding something adverse as a consequence of a behavior, resulting in a decrease of that behavior. EX) Dog jumps on a person, person knees the dog in the chest. (ineffective & poorly understood, but it teaches the animal only what not to do)
Define response substitution, give an example definition:Teaching a desired behavior in a situation in which an undesired behavior tends to occur.EX)puppy is chewing on a sock,owner removes sock and replaces it with an appropriate toy to chew on.Channeling motivation towards an acceptable behavior
What are questions to ask someone with a potential behavior problem Where it happened, who was there, what exactly happened, why it happened, when, how often, -try to determine if there was a trigger-, rule out medical causes first
Define blood pressure the measured tension (in mmHG)exerted by blood on the arterial walls
D- hypertension, hypotension hyper-increased, hypo-decreased blood pressure
Normal systolic blood pressure 100-160 mm Hg
Normal diastolic blood pressure 60-100 mm Hg
Mean blood pressure 80-120 mm Hg
A pulse oximeter measures... the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen (oxyhemoglobin)
Define Ventricular Fibrillation contraction w/in small muscle bundles w/in ventricles - causes irregular, ineffective ventricular contractions, indicates impending cardiac arrest
What does a V-fib look like on an EKG? Appears as irregular undulating line, with complete absence of recognizable QRS complexes
define arrhythmia any pattern of electrical activity that differs from the healthy awake animal
Where do the white, red, green, and black cuffs go (EKG monitoring) White-Right front, Green-Right rear, Black-Left front, Red-Left rear
define heart block electrical impulse that causes the heart to beat is not being transmitted efficiently through the heart
1st degree heart block prolonged interval b/t P wave and QRS complex
2nd degree heart block some P waves are not followed by QRS complex
3rd degree heart block atrial and venticular contractions occur independently; P waves occur in one pattern and QRS complexes occur as completely different patters
Premature ventricular contractions ineffective and uncoordinated ventricular contractions that occur as bizarre, wide QRS complexes on the EKG tracing
define capnography method to determine the amount of CO2 in the air that is exhaled by the patient
define hypercapnia, hypocapnia
Created by: ahaggan001



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