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chpt 1-3 definition

Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
Substance used to tx or prevent,dx of disease in animals: Drug
Study and use of drugs in animal healthcare: Pharmacology
Optimize therapy: Goal
Drug/medicine: Pharmaco
Tx of dz with medicine: Chemotherapeutic
Study of absorption/blood levels/distribution: Pharmacokinetics
MOA drug effects, biological and physiological: Pharmodynamics
Most common drug toxicity is to to the use of ____ which suppresses prostaglandins: NSAIDS
Amount of drug given at one time (ml/cc/2T): Dose
Drug regimen(25mg/kg): Dosage
Active ingredient/generic name: non-proprietary (not protected)
Trade/brand name: Proprietary (protected by trademark/copyright)
The most common form of drug administration: PO
Forms of tablets: Enteric, Sustained, molded, caplets, capsules
Enteric is absorbed in the____ Small intestine
Sustained/released tablets: Time released
Tablets mixed with sugar: Molded
Glossy sugar coated tablets: Caplets
Powder/liquid tablets in gelatin coating: Capsules
Liquids: Syrups, elixirs, tinctures, solutions,suspensions, emulsions, liniments.
85% sucrose: Syrups
Made with alcohol: Elixir
Mixed with alcohol to apply to the skin: Tinctures
Liquids that are fully mixed: Solutions
Liquids that need mixed: Suspensions
Liquids mixed w/fat or oil: Emulsions
Drugs that can be used on the surface of the skin/mm/ophthalmic: Topicals
IM inj are given at a ___ deg angle into the muscle 90
SQ inj's are given at a ___ deg angle into the SQ 45 DEG
IV inj's are given at a ___ deg angle into the dermis 25 deg
1 time use Injectable drugs are dispensed in ____ ampules
multidose Injectable drugs are dispensed in ____ Vials
Drugs Specially prepared with plant/animal parts: Extracts
The ___ is in charge of controlling vaccines, antibodies,toxoids USDA
The ___ is in charge of controlling animal divices/drugs, turtles, milk, eggs etc. FDA
The ___ is in charge of controlling environmental pesticides EPA
____ are considered toxic or potentially toxic if misused or too readily misused. Prescription drugs
Controlled substances are regulated by _____ DEA Drug Enforcement administration
Opiums/morphine/fentanyl/Pentobarbitolare class __ drugs C2
Ace/ Ketamine/Codeine/Codone are all class __ drugs C3
Diazapam/Phenobarb/Butorphanol are all class ___ drugs C4
Buprenorphine/ Diphenoxylate are class ____ drugs C5
____ Is in charge of storage and handling of cytotoxic and hazardous drugs OSHA
Ideal range of drug between the therapeutic and toxic level is the __________ Maximum effective concentration
Subtherapeutic levels: Minimum Effective dose
High one time dose: Loading dose
Smaller amount of a drug given more frequently: Maintenance dose
Po, feeding tube, intranasal, topical and per rectal are all form of ______ route of administration. Non-perenteral
IV,ID,SQ,IM,IP,IA are all forms of ____ routes of administration Perenteral
Created by: brit_2112