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Equine

breeds, colors, and markings

QuestionAnswer
aged 15 years of age or older. Age estimated by examining teeth
Aging process of estimating the age of a horse by examining the appearance and development of the teeth
anhidrosis horse has limited ability to sweat
anthelmintics various deworming medications used to control equine internal parasites
azoturia prolonged muscle contractions during exercise; exercise-induced myositis "Monday morning sickness"
Banged Tail tail trimmed level at bottom. seen in dressage horses and hunters but not in arabians and western pleasure horses
barrel area of horses body between forelegs and loins
bat artificial aid by which rider may emphasize and backup the natural aids of seat and legs; used to encourage reluctant/lazy horses to move forward "whip" "crop"
bay coat color: deepish reddish brown with black mane and tail
bit mouthpiece made of metal but may be rubber or other material. held in place by the bridle, by which the rider conveys instructions to the horse
blaze elongated white marking down the front of the horses face (stripe)
blood horse thoroughbred horse
bog spavin soft, synovial swelling seen on inside of the hock; does not cause lameness like reg spavin
bots equine parasites
brindle horse breed exhibiting a distinctive marbleized coat coloring, similar to that seen in brindle dogs
buckskin creme to dark bronze, mane and tail, legs and tips of ears are black or dark brown Dorsal strip="dun"
carriage horse relatively light and elegant horse used for carriage driving
chestnut small rubbery protrusion on the inside of all four legs; reddish brown coat color "sorrel"
coach horse powerfully built horse, capable of drawing a heavy coach
colic general term describing abdominal pain in the horse; mild to life threatening
colt uncastrated male horse up to four years of age; male foals="colt foals"
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; "heaves", brought on by allergies and characterized by abdominal breathing pattern and reduced tolerance to exercise "broken winded"
cracked heels inflammation of heels, resulting in cracked skin and discharge of pus
crib-biting/cribbing horse hooks teeth onto something solid, such as door of stable, and sucks air through his open mouth, addictive; "wind sucking"
cues aids; signals which the rider communicates his wishes to the horse
dishing faulty action, toe of the foreleg is thrown outward in a circular movement with each stride
distemper highly contagious disease cause by bacteria Streptococcus equi. "strangles"
dock bony part of tail, from which hair grows
draft horse any horse used for hauling vehicles or loads, but most usually associated with the heavy breeds
dryland distemper "pigeon fever"; causes abcesses on the chest and belly
EIA Equine Infectious Anemia; viral disease for which no known cure or vaccine "swamp fever""coggins test"
engagement hind legs are engaged when they are bought well under the body
entire uncastrated male horse "stallion"
EPM Equine Protozoal Myleoenchepalitis; neurological disorder caused by protozoa which invades spinal cord, causeing symptoms attributed to nerve damage stumbling, loss of coordination, muscle atrophy
Equine Infectious Anemia viral disease for which there is no known cure or vaccine "EIA""Coggins test""swamp fever"
ergot horny growth at back of fetlock joint
farrier skilled craftsman who shoes horses
fetlock (joint) lowest joint on horses leg
filly female horse under 4 years old female foal="filly foal"
flexor tendon tendon at the back of the horses leg
foal colt, filly, or gelding up to one year of age
forelock mane between ears; hangs forward over forehead
frog triangular, rubber pad on the sole of the foot which acts as a shock absorber
full mouth 6 year old horse with all his permanent teeth
gait paces at which horses move, usually the walk, trot, canter, and gallop
gallop four beated gait of the horse in which each foot touches the ground seperately "canter"=3 beat gait
gelding castrated male horse
green horse in early learning stage of his particular discipline is said to be green
grooming kit various brushes, combs, and other equipment used to clean the horses coat, mane, tail, and hooves
hand unit of a measure used to describe a horse; one hand=4 inches
harness equipment of a horse that is driven, as opposed to being ridden
haute ecole classical art of advanced riding "high school"
hind quarters part of horses body from rear of flank to top of tail down to top of gaskin; "quarters"
hock joint midway up hind leg responsible for providing most of the forward energy of horse
horn hard insensitive after covering of the hoof; prominent pommel at front of a western saddle;rider loops or twists lariet when steer has been roped to secure the animal "saddle horn"
in front of the bit horse which pulls or hangs heavily on riders hand
irons metal pieces attached to saddle by means of leather straps in which rider places his feet "stirrups"
joint III disease in foals caused by bacteria that enters teh body through navel, resulting in infection which spreads to joints and causes inflammation pain and heat
laminitis systemic upset, laminae inside hoof become inflamed and painful to the horse; severe conditions lead to "founder"
laryngeal hemiplegia partial paralysis of larynx; difficulty breathing and a characteristic noise; "roaring" as horse breathes
leader either of 2 leading horses in a team of four or a single horse harnessed in front of one or more horses
light horse horse other than a heavy horse or pony, which is suitable for riding or carriage work
Created by: Marie11892