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parasite midterm

vet1355

QuestionAnswer
The IH of Aleurostrongulus in cats is the snail/slug
Dictophyma renale is also called the giant kidney worm
the best way to diagnose lungworms is by performing a routine fecal float
Oxyuris equi can be diagnosed using the scotch tape technique
what are the most commonly diagnosed nematode in young puppies and kittens Ascarids
A parasite that is completely dependent on the host for it existence obligatory
period of time from infection until one can demonstrate that the host is infected prepatent period
this includes a definitive host only, no intermediate or paratenic direct life cycle
this is the stomach worm of dogs and cats Physaloptra rara
This is the roundworm of raccoons Baylisascaris procynois
This nematode larvae causes cutaneous larval migrans Ancylostoma spp.
This is the threadworm of horses Strongyloides westeri
This is the whipworm of dogs Trichuris vulpis
The host for Trichostrongyles are ruminants
The host for Strongyles are horses
These eggs have a thick brown-yellow shell with a clear polar plug at each end Trichuris spp. (whipworms)
This is used to commonly identify the eggs of tapeworms, nematodes, and coccidia standard flotation
Toxocara canis is highly resistant to environmental conditions making it difficult to control (true/false) true
zoonotic diseases should be a concern to veterinary personnel and requires strict attention to personal hygiene (true/false) true
the roundworms normal mode of infection is skin penetration (true/false) false
the most common endoparasite in pigs is Ascaris suum (true/false) true
all tapeworms use and IH in which larval stage develops (true/false) true
Metastrongylus apri is the lungworm of swine (true/false) true
the roundworms normal mode of infection is ingestion
Trichuris vulpis lives in the small intestine (true/false) false
Trichuris vulpis live in the cecum & colon
Kittens can become infected with Toxocara cati via transplacental and transmammary routes (true/false) false
the anthelmintic of choic to treat tapeworms is Praziquantal (true/false) true
Eggs of Fascioloides magna can be seen in bovine feces (true/false) false
Eggs of Fascioloides magna are black pigmented and found in the liver
Giardia infection in humans causes gray, greasy, malodorous, voluminous, and bloody feces (true/false) false
Giardia infection in humans does not cause ____ feces bloody
the common name for trematodes flukes
the common name for cestodes tapeworms
___,___, and ___ pass their eggs in dog feces and are commonly diagnosed by fecal-flotation techniques Ascarids; hookworms; whipworms
Which equine parasite has larval stages that migrate throught the cranial mesenteric artery and its brances Strongylus vulgaris
which equine parasite has larval stages that migrate through the peritoneal cavity to the liver and pancrease Strongylus equinus
Sulfonamide antibiotics are indicated in the treatment of coccidia(albon)
of the common domestic animal species, only ___ are infected by pinworms horses
Oocysts are part of the life cycle of Isospora spp./Cystoisospora spp.
If neither the motile trophozoites nor the cysts of Giardia are seen on a direct fecal-saline smear, and Giardiasis is suspected, which other(s) diagnostics would be performed on the feces ZnSO4 centrifugation/Giardia ELISA
an organism in which a parasite lives during it's larval or nonreproductive stage and is necessary for its development intermediate host
Ascardiasis is caused by roundworms
which protozoan causes watery diarrhea, fever, nausea, vomiting, and bloating that is more problematic in immunocompromised people Cryptosporidium
What two drugs are most commonly used to treat Giardia metronidazole & Fenbendazole
What are the two species of coccidian that infefct domestic animals Cystoisospora(isospora) & Eimeria
What protozoan is not zoonotic Cystoisospora
segments that contain the male and female sex organs in a cestode proglottids
dipylidium caninum is often called the flea tapeworm
What is the name of the feline tapeworm Taenia taeniaeformis
What is the IH of Taenia taeniaeformis the rodent
What is the IH for Diphyllobrothrium copepod
What is the name of the cattle tapeworm Taenia saginata
What is the name of the swine tapeworm Taenia solium
Platyhelminthes are also known as flatworms
what is the most economically important trematode Fasciola hepatica
What diagnostic is used for Spirocera lupi Standard fecal flotation
What are common symptoms of the adult ascarid infection diarrhea, vomiting, pot-bellied apperance
When one species lives on another species in a friendly way symbiosis
what are the factors that affect the transmission of parasites source of infection, mode of transmission, presence of susceptible host
this parasite lives on the outer surface of the host ectoparasite
this parasite lives on the inside of the host endoparasite
this parasite is completely dependent on the host, cant survive without it obligatory parasite
this parasite is free living or commensal organisms that can be parasitic as opportunity presents itself facultative parasite
in this host the parasite reaches the adult stage or undergoes sexual reproduction definitive host
in this host some stage of pre-adult development takes place, this host is essential to the parasites life cycle intermediate host
in this host the parasite survives without undergoing further development, this is not essential to the parasite life cycle paratenic host
this life cycle involves a defenitive host only, no paratinic or intermediate host is involved direct life cycle
the period of time from first demonstration of infection until infectious signs are no longer demonstrated patent period
Which tapeworm species causes alveolar hydatid disease in humans Echinococcus multiocularis
alveolar hydatid cyst caused by Echinococcus multiocularis are found in this organ in the IH and are highly invasive and proliferative liver
Which tapeworm species causes unilocular hydatid disease in humans Echinococcus granulosus
hydatid cysts caused by Echinococcus granulosus are found in these organs of the IH Liver; lungs
This parasite is the esophageal worm of dogs and cats and often forms nodules/granulomas in the esophageal wall Spirocerca lupi
This is the roundworm of dogs and wild canids; zoonotic Toxocara canis
This is the roundworm of cats; zoonotic Toxocara cati
This is the roundworm of dogs, cats, foxes, and wolves Toxascaris leonina
This is the roundworm of swine; zoonotic Ascaris suum
This is the roundworm of horses Parascaris equorum
This is the hookworm of dogs, foxes, and coyotes; zoonotic Ancylostoma caninum
This is the hookworm of cats; zoonotic Ancylostoma tubaeforme
This is the hookworm of the dog, fox, cat; zoonotic Ancylostoma braziliense
This is the hookworm of ruminants Bunostomum sp.
This is the hookworm of foxes, dogs, and cats and is not zoonotic Uncinaria stenocephala
This is the threadworm of the dog, cat, man, fox; zoonotic Strongyloides stercoralis
This is the threadworm of the pig Strongyloides ransomi
This is the threadworm of ruminants Strongyloides papillosus
This is the whipworm of dogs, foxes Trichuris vulpis
This is the whipworm of sheep, goats Trichuris ovis
This is the whipworm of cats Trichuris campanula
This is the whipworm of cattle Trichuris discolor
This is the whipworm of pigs Trichuris suis
This is the "cooperid" worm of ruminants Cooperia
This is the "thread-necked" worm of ruminants Nematodirus
This is the "hairworm" of ruminants Trichostrongylus
This is the "brown" or "medium" stomach worm of cattle Ostertagis
This is the "barberpole" worm or "twisted wire" worm of ruminants, especially sheep Haemonchus
Which equine parasite has larval stages that migrate to the liver, parietal peritoneum, encyst to large nodules, then migrate back to the intestines Strongylus edentatus
This is the pinworm of horses Oxyuris equi
This is the lungworm of dogs found in nodules in the trachea and bronchi Oslerus(Filaroides) osleri
This is the lungworm of dogs found in the pulmonary parenchyma Filaroides hirthi
This is the lungworm of cats found in the terminal bronchioles and lung parenchyma Aelurostrongulus abstrusus
This is the lungworm of cattle and deer found in the trachea and bronchi Dictyocaulus viviparus
This is the lungworm of sheep and goats found in the trachea and bronchi Dictyocaulus filaria
This is the lungworm of donkeys(normal host) horses (not normal) found in the trachea and bronchi Dictyocaulus arnfieldi
This is the lungworm of sheep and goats found in the lung parenchyma Muellerius capillaris
This is the lungworm of swine found in the bronchi and bronchioles Metastrongylus apri
This is the giant kidney worm of wild mustelids, wild canids, dogs, and occasionally man Dictophyma renale
This is the urinary tract parasite found in the urinary bladder of dogs and foxes Pearsonema plica
This is the urinary tract parasite found in the urinary bladder of cats Pearsonema feliscati
This is a parasite of swine and man that lives in the small intestine; infection occurs by ingestion of IH(dung beetle and grubs) Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceous
This is the tapeworm found in cattle Taenia saginata
This is the tapeworm found in swine Taenia solium
This is the tapeworm found in dogs and wild canids that uses the rabbit as its IH Taenia pisiformis
This is the tapeworm found in cats Taenia Taeniaeformis
This is the tapeworm found in dogs and wild canids that is found in the brain and spinal cord Taenia multiceps
This is the tapeworm found in dogs and wild canids that is found in the liver Taenia hydatigena
This is the broad fish tapeworm which is found in dogs, cats, bear, man, etc Diphyllobothrium spp.
This is the tapeworm found in horses and donkeys Anoplocephala spp.
This is the tapeworm found in sheep and goats Moniezia expansa
This is the tapeworm found in cattle Moniezia benedini
This is the lung fluke of small animals Paragonimus kellicoti
THis is the small intestinal fluke of small animals Alaria sp.
This is the liver fluke found in small ruminants, cattle, and occassionally man Fasciola spp.
This is the liver fluke found in deer, moose, and elk; often referred to as the "giant deer" or "giant liver" fluke Fascioloides magna
This is the ciliate found in the large intestine of swine, man, primates, and occasionally dogs Balantidium coli
This is the flagellate found in the small intestine of many species; zoonotic Giardia
This is the flagellate found in the genital tract of cattle Tritrichomonas foetus
This is the flagellate found in the large intestine of cats Tritrichomonas foetus
This apicomplexan is a coccidian found in the intestinal tract of dogs mainly seen in young or immunocompromised animals Cystoisospora canis
This apicomplexan is a coccidian found in the intestinal tract of cats mainly seen in young or immunocompromised animals Cystoisospora felis
This apicomplexan is a coccidian found in the intestinal tract of pigs mainly seen in young or immunocompromised animals Cystoisospora suis
This apicomplexan is a coccidian found in the intestinal tract of cattle mainly seen in young or immunocompromised animals Eimeria zuernii
This apicomplexan is a coccidian found in the intestinal tract of horses mainly seen in young or immunocompromised animals Eimeria leuckarti
This apicomplexan is a coccidian found in the small intestine of several animals, including man; very zoonotic can be life threatening in immunocomporomised ppl Cryptosporidium sp.
This apicomplexan is an intestinal coccidian of cats; zoonotic particularly to pregnant women Toxoplasma gondii
This apicomplexan is a coccidian of the small intestine of dogs, cats, wild carnivores, and man; in horses will cause Equine Protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) Sarcocystis sp.
This apicomplexan is a coccidian in dogs and between dogs and cattle; will cause flacid hind-limb paralysis in puppies; neurological symptoms in dogs; major cause of bovine abortion Neospora caninum
Created by: chop