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Codex

Pesticides

QuestionAnswer
MRL's Maximum Residue Limit's
What is Codex? International organization for setting food safety standards
What is the scope of codex? Biotechnology, pesticides, food additives and contaminants are some of the issues discussed in Codex meetings.
What are Codex standards based on? Codex standards are based on the best available science assisted by independent international risk assessment bodies or ad-hoc consultations organized by FAO and WHO.
Are Codex standards mandatory? Sometimes. While being recommendations for voluntary application by members, Codex standards serve in many cases as a basis for national legislation.
How does Codex relate to the WTO and trade? WTO members that wish to apply stricter food safety measures than those set by Codex may be required to justify these measures scientifically.
What is the WTO agreement that mentions Codex? Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures (SPS Agreement). Means that Codex has far reaching implications for resolving trade disputes.
Who founded Codex? World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
How does codex benefit producers? By increasing access to international markets
How dies codex benefit consumers? By protecting them from food borne hazards
How are decisions made in Codex? Voted on and passed only with concensus
What is JMPR? Joint FAO/WHO Meetings on Pesticide Residues
What does JMPR do? Provide independent scientific expert advice to the Commission and its specialist Committee on Pesticide Residues.
What is CCPR? Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues
What does CCPR do? Primarily establish maximum limits for pesticide residues in specific food items or in groups of food
What is the MRL problem in Codex? Codex processes for setting MRL's are structured in a way that MRL's are not established for years after the active ingredient is registered for use in crops.
What is CAC? Codex Alimentarius Commission
What does CAC do? Develop and maintain guidelines and overseeing various committees. Overall to protect consumers and ensure fair trade.
Created by: curtiss