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VTI Anesthesia I

Inhalents

QuestionAnswer
Things we would like... A rapid recovery and induction, having to use very little inhalant, safety.
Most likely to cause cardiac arrhythmia in dogs.. Halothane
Biotransformed at 0.2% Isoflurane
Biotransformed at 2-5% Either
Very low biotransformation of 0.02% Desflurane
Biotransformation is high at 20 - 46% Halothane
Can't be used alone, as this is just an analgesic Nitrous Oxide
Outdated, but had some desirable effects Ether
Never used if intestinal obstruction, diaphragmatic hernia or pneumothorax is evident Nitrous Oxide
Use of this will decrease the amout of inhalant anesthetic used Nitrous Oxide
Can't be used with closed systems or low O2 flow rates Nitrous Oxide
Has a preservative called thymol Halothane
Diffusion hypoxia is a concern with this analgesic inhalant Nitrous Oxide
Known for rapid induction, smooth recovery and nonpugent oder Ether
The carrier gas Oxygen
This is in blue cylinders Nitrous Oxide
This is in green cylinders Oxygen
Not commonly used in veterinary medicine due to adverse effects Desflurane
The best inhalant for sick patients Isoflurane
This must be delivered at no more than 70% Nitrous Oxide
Can be used with non-precision vaporizer Methoxyflurane
Masking animals is reserved for _____/______ patients Calm/Docile
Inhalants are primarily eliminated from the body via.... the respiratory system but some are bitransformed to greater extents than others
At normal concentrations, inhalants cause ... hypotension, hypoventilation and decreases in cardiac output.
____ ____ can be used as an adjunct along with inhalant anesthetics. Nitrous Oxide(analgesic)
MAC Minimum aveolar concentration
A measure of onset time for an inhalant Solubility coefficent
A measure of how rapidly an agent evaporates Vapor pressure
A measure of inhalant potency MAC
This being a high number would make the agent highly volatile Vapor pressure
This being a low number would result in a rapid induction and recovery Solubility coefficent
This being a high number would result in a slow induction and recovery Solubility coefficent
When this number is a low number, the inhalant is more potent MAC
If this is a high number, the agent must be used with a precision vaporizer Vapor pressure
If this number is high, it means that we will be using a large quantity of inhalant MAC
Animals can be maintained at surgical levels with 1.5x this value MAC
Toxic to rats Sevo
sesitize the heart and is very bad in pigs halothane
N20 full tank pressure is 745 psi
O2 full tank pressure is E-Tanks: 2200 PSI H-Tanks: 2200 PSI
02 is the _____ gas Carrier
Decreased S.C. is _____ and an increase is ______ Good, Bad
Created by: jmorley3