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Vet 1055Final review

Vet 1055 Final Review

QuestionAnswer
Cystocentesis surgical puncture of the urinary bladder with a needle )to remove fluid (urine)
Miosis pupillary constriction
Mydriasis pupillary dilation
Ataxia discoordination, stumbling
Pollakiuria increase in the frequency or urination
Polyuria increase in the amount of urine
Hemostasis control or stoppage of bleeding
Dyschezia difficulty defecating
Neuter
OVH Ovariohysterectomy - "spay" surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus
Onchyectomy declaw
Pruitis
Febrile
OU
OS
PU/PD
AD
PCV/Hematocrit
Hydrocephalus
Py/o combining for of Pus
Myel/o combining for of spinal cord or bone marrow
Lip/o combining for for fat
Crani/o combining for of cranium, or skull
-ectomy surgical removal or incision
-otomy cutting into
-ostomy surgically created opening
Otitis inflammation of the outer ear
Carcinoma
Sarcoma
-oma
Stomat/o combining for of mouth
Meninges/myelin
Spondyl/o
-penia
-pnea
-osis abnormal condition
Dihiscence disruption or opening of the surgical wound Ex) Reopened surgical opening
emetic pertaining to vomiting
antiemetics work against or prevent vomiting
Friable easily crumbled; frail; fragile; easily damaged; EX) geriatric veins are easily friable
Eviscerate removal or exposure of internal organs EX) "guts hanging out"
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
Isotonic
Ligate to tie or strangulate
Seroma accumulation of serum beneath the surgical incision
Excisional biopsy removing entire mass, tissue, or organ to examine
Inscisional biopsy cutting into and removing part of a mass, a tissue, or an organ to examine
Anthelmintic
Paranteral
Monovalent
Polyvalent
Hyperkalemia
Hypokalemia
Hypernatermia
Hyponatermia
Debridement removal or foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue
Fenestration
Wicking applying material to move liquid from one area to another - to draw out (liquid from a wound)
Dysphagia difficulty eating or swallowing
Intra- within
Inter- between
Intercostal between the ribs
Intramuscular within the muscles
Poly- many or excessive
Oligo- scant or little
Oligiria scant amount or frequency of urination
A- An- without or no
Atraumatic Anuria without injury, absence of urine
Anti- against
Eu- good, easy, normal
Euthyroid having a normally functioning thyroid gland
Infra- below or beneath
Meta- beyond
per- throughout
pan- all
leuk/o white
cyan/o blue
peri- around
-stomy surgically created opening
-tomy cutting into
alimentary pertaining to the GI tract
enteric pertaining to the intestines
-centesis surgical puncture to remove gas or fluid
-malacia abnormal softening
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
-um structure
Cyanosis condition of blue discoloration
Ilium part of the pelvic bone
Ileum distal part of the small intestine
etiology study of disease
lingual / lingual surface tongue / surface of teeth that face the tongue
buccal / buccal surface cheeck / surface of teeth that faces the cheek
occlusal surface aspect of the teeth that meet when you chew
labial / labial surface lips / surface of lips that face the lips
cranial cavity contains the... brain and skull
spinal cavity contains the.. spinal cord within the spinal column
thoracic cavity contains the.. heart and lungs withing the ribs between the neck and diaphragm
abdominal cavity contains the.. major organs of digestions located between the diaphragm and pelvic cavity
Peritoneal cavity ... within the abdominal cavity between perioneum and the visceral peritoneum
Pelvic cavity contains... reproductive and some excretory systems (urinary bladder and rectum) organs bounded by the pelvic bones
the groin is the.. lower region of the abdomen adjacent to the thigh; also known as the inguinal area
peritoneum is the.. membrane lining the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities and it covers some organs in the area
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
the navel is also known as the umbilicus
the mesentery is the.. layer of peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine in the abdominal cavity
lumpectomy general term for surgical removal of a mass
boxlock movable joint of any ringed instrument
hemostatic forcep locking instrument used to grasp and ligate vessels and tissue to control bleeding; also called hemostat
flank incision surgical cut perpendicular to the long axis of the body; caudal to the last rib
paracoastal incision surgical cut oriented parallel to the last rib
paramedian incision surgical cut lateral and parallel to the ventral midline but not the midline
ventral midline incision surgical cut along the midsagittal plane of the abdomen along the linea alba
ligation act of tying
ligature substance used to tie a vessel or strangulate a part
emesis forcible expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth; aka vomiting
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.
hematochezia passage of bloody stool
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
What are the 4 compartments of the ruminant stomach? Rumen, reticulum, omasum, abomasum
Which part of the ruminant stomach is most like a monogastric stomach? Abomasum
What are the three part of the small intestine? (in order of digestion) Duodenum, jejunum, ileum
borborygmus gas movement in the GI tract that produces a rumbling noise
cirrhosis degenerative disease that disturbs the structure and function of the liver
intussusception telescoping of one part of the intestine into an adjacent part
polydipsia excessive thirst or drinking
polyphagia excessive eating or swallowing
tenesmus painful, ineffective defecation
torsion axial twist; twist around the long axis of the gut
trichobezoar hairball
volvulus twisting on itself (end-to-end twist); twist around long axis of mesentery
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
The functioning unit of the kidneys.. nephrons
pyel/o renal pelvis
-poiesis formation
-chrome color
turbid cloudy,
pyuria pus in the urine
anuria complete supression of urine production
hematuria blood in the urine
crystals found in feline urine Struvites or triple phosphates
-lithiasis presenceof stones or calculi
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis
urolith urinary bladder stone; also called cystolith
Created by: ahaggan001