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World History ch4

CHAPTER 4 VOCABULARY

QuestionAnswer
Knossos The rulers of the trading empire lived places
shrines areas dedicated to Gods and Goddesses
Frescoes watercolor paintings on wet plaster
trojan war took place around 1250 B.C.
straits narrow water passages between the red sea and the meditteranian sea.
Homer Lived around 750 B.C.
Polis city-state
acropolis high city, had the temples
citizens free residents who had responsibility
monarchy hereditary ruler excercises central power
aristocracy rule by a hereditary land holding elite
oligarchy power is in the hands of a small, wealthy elite.
Sparta north invaders conquered Loconia settled and made...
athens located in attica
democracy government by the people
tyrants people who gained power by force.
legislature lawmaking body. all male.
Alliance a formal agreement between 2 or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one anothers defense
pericles 460 b.c. - 429 b.c. was golden age for athens
direct democracy citizens take part directly in the day to day affairs of government.
stipend fixed salory
jury a panel of citizens who have the authority to make final judgements
ostoracism people could vote to banish authority or public authority who they saw as a threat
philosophers meaning lovers of wisdom
logic rational thinking
rhetorics art of speaking
socrates an athenian stonemason and shilosopher
plato one of socrates students
aristotle platos most famous student
parthenon a temple dedicated tot he goddess athena
tragedies plays that told stories of human suffering
herodutus the father of history
alexander the great architect of the new era
phillip II had lived in thebes and had come to admire greek culture hired aristotle.
assassinated murder of public figure
assimilated or absorbed.
alexandria at the very heart of hellenistic in egypt a home to millions
pythagoras derived a formula to calculate the sides of the right triangle.
helicentric sun centered
archimedes appled principals of hellenistic scientist
Created by: Wardlaw